Monday, 15 December 2014

Ramayanam in brief:

                          Ramayanam in brief:
Mala vikshepana Avarana Doshas:

Mala, Vikshepana
Due to tamoguna (-ve) causal body will have mala & vikshepana Doshas.

Due to rajoguna (neutral) causal body will have avarana dosha.

Dosha means faux pas or fault.

Tamoguna Doshaas:

Mala means soiled.  This fault comes due to ego.  This can be removed by practicing Nishkama karma yoga.  That is doing our duties without expecting the result.

Avarana dosha means the true configuration is camouflaged and shown as a different configuration.  Here the soul is made to appear as a limited one due to the effect of tamoguna.

Rajoguna Doshas:

Due to vikshepana dosha of rajoguna in Maya the whole creation is subjected to

1)  Arishadvargaas – kama (desire), krodha (anger), lobha (Greediness), moha (delusion), mada (Pride) & maatsarya (envy).
2)  Attachment (raga), Repulsion (dwesha), happiness (sukh) & misery (dukh).
3)  Selfishness, love affection, kindness, pleasure, Satisfaction, disSatisfaction etc.

Due to these mala, vikshepana, avarana doshaas the causal body will have:

1)  Attachment to body (dehavasana), kartritvam (I am doing), Bhoktritvam (I am to enjoy), eeshana trayam i.e., dhaneshana (attachment to material pleasure like owning land, money & vehicles etc; daareshana (this is my wife, I should Satisfy her at the cost of others) and putreshana (attachment to his progeny or offspring) and interest in fame.
2)  Attachment to reading of books and writing of books (shastra vaasana).
3)  Attachment to his environmental living (loka vaasana).

Due to the above, one will have

Ignorance (avidya), Asmita (fear or ego),Attachment (raga), repulsion (dwesha) and Body bound inclination and fear of death    (both are called abhinivesa.  These five things are called five miseries or pancha kleshaas.
Avarana means hiding power, vikshepana means expanding power.  Baalyam (Infancy) means undeveloped sudra state. Yavvanam (Youth) means developing  waisyaa state.  Kaumaram (middle age) means capable of ruling kshatriya state. Vaardhakyam (Old age)means  wisdom experienced of  Brahman  state.  With the gained wisdom one understands the emptiness of this physical world and hence tries for reunion of Atman with Brahman. 
Due to the influence of Tamoguna Karanashareera(Causal body) will have Mala and Avarana Doshas,and because of Rajoguna vikshepana Dosha.
When a Lantern chimney is painted by Black smoke then the burning wick cannot be visible. Likewise due to Maladosha the Paramatma within us becomes invisible.
We will mistake the rope as Snake due to superimposition of  darkness.  So Avarana dosha or fault occurs due to Tamoguna ignorance of unsteady mind. 
 Love and hatred, selfishness, love, affection, kindness, Happiness, Contentment, dissatisfaction, Kama, krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Matsarya etc are the vikshepana doshas. This is due to ego.
Due to Mala, Avarana and Vikshepana doshas the Karana shareera will have 1) body attachment i.e., kartritwadoshas, 2)attachment towards Finance, Offspring, and spouse, fame mongerism, 3) interest in Sastras, and 4) worldly attachment.  Because of this man will have Asmita, Ragadwesha and Abhinivesa.
Asmita means Ego, Ragadwesaha means attraction and repulsion, Abhinivesha means attachment to his body. 
Sadhak, the Meditator confronts three steps during his Sadhana. They are 1)Adibhautika, Physical, 2) Adidaivika, Subtle, and 3) Adhyatmika, Spiritual.
1)Adibhautika, Physical: —Bodily pains etc.,
2) Adidaivika, Subtle: — Mind related problems like thoughts, sub thoughts etc.,
3) Adhyatmika, Spiritual: — Sadhana related problems like Sleep, lazyness etc.
These are called Mala, Aavarana and Vikshepana Doshas, faults.  Sadhak, Kriyayogi, seeing unity with Parabrahman, shall be cautious about these things. To make mind steady one has to annihilate these three faulty steps.

Sampragnata Samadhi= Doubt ridden         Asampragnaata Samadhi= Doubtless 
Savichaara sampragnaata
Savitarka or Saalokya sampragnaata
Saananda or Saameepya Sampragnaata
Sasmita or Saayujya Sampragnaata
Asampragnaata or Saaroopya
Savikalpa or Srashta

Ahalya was the wife of the Great sage (Rishi) Gautama, who is one amongst the Saptarishis. He is the author of Nyaya sastra, one of the six upangaas of Vedas. Gautama was preaching pure Gnaana/Spiritual knowledge to Ahalya. At the time of preaching the mind of  Ahalya was not steady. Her mind was turned towards worldly affairs. The reason for this disturbed mind was Indriyas/senses. The king of senses was Indra the mind. Finding her unsteady/not attentive  she has been warned by Gautama ‘na’ ‘halya’ i.e., not to move, be steady like a stone. That is the story of Gautama cursing Ahalya.  He also told his wife Ahalya to be in this state for a long time and do intensive KRIYAYOGA DHYANA. Spiritual knowledge can be gained only through intensive and long  KRIYAYOGA DHYANA with a one pointed steady mind. Unsteady mind can not grasp pure knowledge. Steadying the mind is Dhyana. In that state Ram i.e., the Cosmic energy will reach Mooladhara chakra and awaken the Kundalinee which was in sleeping state till that time. That is the psalm of life. The one who does not do meditation at all is equal to the animal with animal tendencies. Do the normal daily work. Then do sadhana also along with it. Enter the kingdom of God. Then continue the sadhana with intensity for a long time with steady and one pointed mind without neglecting your day to day Karma. Be one with God the almighty.  

 Ramayanam in brief
Dasarath is the king of Ayodhya!He had three wives—Kausalya, Sumitra, and Kaikeyi. He with his three wives performed Putrakameshti Yagna(sacrifice). Due to this fire ceremony First wife is blessed with Sree Rama(1), second wife Sumitra is blessed with Lakshmana(3) & Shatrughna(4), and third wife Kaikeyi is blessed with Bharata(2).
Advised by his Guru, Dasarath sends Shree Ram and Lakshman for the protection of Yagna that is being performed by sage Viswamitra. ShreeRam kills the demon Tataki on the way. The sage was very happy with this. He gifts Astras & Sastras to Shree Ram & Lakshman. Shree Ram kills the demons Subahu& Maareecha who came to destroy the Yagna of sage. The sage Viswamitra takes ShreeRam & Lakshman alongwith him to Mithilanagar for Sita swayamvaram after the completion of Yagna. Swayamvaram means choosing one’s own husband amongst so many suitors. On the way Shree Ram touches a stone with his feet by which it becomes a woman viz., Ahalya. This way he rescues her from the curse given by her husband Sage Gautama.  In Sita swayamvar  Ravana, the king of Sri Lanka, could not fulfil the pre condition of breaking the Siva Dhanush, the bow of Lord Siva. He gets insulted and goes back to his Kingdom SriLanka. Shree Ram fulfils the pre condition of breaking the bow. Consequent to this Shree Ram marries Sita, Bharata marries Maandavi, Lakshmana marries Urmila, and Satrughna marries Shrutakeerti.  He breaks the Vishnu Dhanush as desired by Parasuramji. Shree Ramji reaches Ayodhya along with His Father Dasarath, mothers & Brothers along with their respective wives.
Dasarath wanted to hand over the kingdom to his son ShreeRam. He will fix the time & date in consultation with his Guru Sri Vashist Maharshi. Dasarath has promised two boons to his third wife Kaikeyi  in the long past. His wife Kaikeyi instigated by his servant maid Manthara demands to fulfil the two boons right now. Dasaratha fulfils his two vows viz., 1) Sending Ram to Aranyavas(Jungle) for 14 Years and 2) To hand over the reins of Kingdom to Bharata.
Sri Ram sets out for Aranyavas(Jungle). Sita also follows SriRam saying that wherever her husband stays that is her Ayodhya. Lakshmana also follows Sri Ram saying that I will do servitude to my elder brother. Lakshmana leaves behind his Urmila for the service of His Father and mothers. At the time of leaving for jungles Bharata and Satrughna were not present in Ayodhya. Unable to tolerate the separation from Sri Ram Dasaratha leaves the physical body.
Guha the boatman will help Sri Ram Lakshman and Sita to cross the Sarayoo river in his boat saying that that is his great fortune to help them. They reach the hermitage/Asramam of Sri Bharadwaaj Maharshi/hermit.  From there they go to Chitrakoota area to visit the great Valmiki Maharshi/hermit. They make a small Parnasala/hermitage in Chitrakoot and start living there with peace & tranquility.
Bharat will come to know about these affairs after returning from the house of his uncle. He gets perturbed and  admonishes his mother Kaikeyi. He sets out to bring Sri Ram back to Ayodhya. He requests him to take over the reins of kingdom of Ayodhya pardoning the fault of his mother. Sri Ram will not agree saying that it is the bounden duty of the off springs to fulfill the vows of their parents. Sri Ram will give his Paadukas/wooden shoes on persistent requests of Bharat. Bharat views them as a representative of Sri Ram. He tells Sri Ram to come and take over the Ayodhya Kingdom after the completion of 14 years. Even a minute delay in His return will cost his(Bharat’s) life. Making this vow Bharata establishes these Paadukas/wooden shoes in Nandigram and start ruling Ayodhya treating them as the representative Of Sri Ram.
After some time Sri Ram Lakshman and Sita set out from Chitrakoot. They visit the hermitage of Sri Atri Maharshi. From there they visit the hermitage of Sri Suteekshna Maharshi. From there they start for the hermitage of Sri Agastya Maharshi. On the way  they kill demon Viradha. Sage Agastya bestows them with Bow Arrows and Sword.  From they reach Panchavati. There they will construct a hermitage Parnasala and start living peacefully there. They befriend with the bird Jatayu. That bird will be helping them as per their requirements.
After some time Soorpanakha  the demon comes to  Panchavati area. She becomes attracted to Sri Ram. She wanted to cohabit with Sri Ram due to lust. Refused by Sri Ram she begs Lakshman to fulfil her lustful desire. Annoyed by this Lakshman cuts the nose and ears of Soorpanakha.  Enraged with insult  she narrates this  to her brothers Khara and Dooshana. They along with 1400 other demons try to kill Sri Ram and Lakshman.  In turn they themselves get killed by Sri Ram and Lakshman. Hearing the demise of Khara and Dooshana and insult meted out to Soorpanakha, enraged Ravan sends the demon Maareeecha to deceive Sri Ram to take him away from his hermit. The demon Maareeecha takes the form of Golden deer to attract the attention of Sita. Seeing the Golden deer Sita requests Sr Ram to fetch that somehow or other. Keeping Lakshman to protect Sita from evil forces, Sri Ram goes in in search of that deer.  Maareecha takes Sri Ram away from the hermitage distracting his attention. Sri Ram kills the demon with his arrow.  Maareecha dies moaning ‘Oh Sita Oh Sita’.  Lakshman tells Sita that it was some demon imitating the voice of Sr Ram. It was the plan of that demon. In spite of that  Sita compels Lakshman to search and help Sri Ram thinking that it was the distress call of Sri Ram.  Lakshman draws a circle ‘LAKSHMANA REKHA’ around that hut and goes in search of Sri Ram. Meanwhile Ravan comes in the guise of a Sadhu(Hermit) and asks for alms. He compels Sita to cross  that ‘LAKSHMANA REKHA’ to give alms. Then he carries away Sita  in a Jumbo Jet(Pushpaka Viman) to his Lanka kingdom. Jatayu the  friend bird  tries to save  Sita. Ravan cuts the wings of that bird and flies her away to Sri Lanka. Sita throws down a bundle of jewels near Kishkinda on the way. Sri Ram returns to his hermitage. Lakshman narrates the things to him. Both will start searching  for Sita. On the way they find crestfallen Jatayu. From him they understand that Ravan has flown her to Sri Lanka. On the way Sr Ram kills the demon Kabandha.  He was a cursed Angel covered  in the body of the demon. His curse is removed now. He tells Sri Ram to take the help of Sugreeva, king of monkeys, to search Sita. On the way they meet  Sabari, the great devotee of Sri Ram. After spending some tine with her they reach Rishyamooka Parvat(mountain). There they will befriend with Hanumanji and Sugreev. Hanumanji shows the jewels thrown by Sita to Sri Ram. He recognizes them.
Tara, the wife of Sugreev was kept by his brother Vali  by force. Vali was tormenting Sugreeva. Sri Ram kills Vali. As a gratitude to this Sugreev keeps all his force at  the command of Sri Ram to search Sita.  Ordered by Sugreeva monkeys go in all directions to search Sita. Sugreev sends Hanumanji and his son Angad in the direction of South. They reach the bank of Ocean. There they meet Sampaati, the brother of Jataayu. From him they come to know the whereabouts of Sita on the other side of that ocean. Jambavanta start praising the courage of  Hanumanji. He crosses that ocean very easily. He was confronted by  the she demon Lankini, the protectress of Sri Lanka.   He goes ahead by killing her. He finds Sita in the Asoka garden wailing underneath a Asoka tree.  Hanumanji gives her the Golden ring brought from Sri Ram so as to make her believe that he was sent by Him. He tells her to be courageous as Sri Ram will come soon and saves her. She takes a choodaamani, a jewel, for Sri Ram as a testimony.  
Hanumanji kills all the demons who come in front of him and destroys that Asoka garden.  Indrajit binds him with Brahmaastra and takes him to Ravana. Vibheeshan, the younger brother of Ravan, dissuades him from killing Hanumanjee saying that one should not kill the representative of the opponent.  The demons will put fire to the tail of Hanumanji. Hanumanji in turn burns the Lanka and then put off the fire by drenching it into the ocean. Then he will reach Sri Ram and narrates the welfare of Sita and presents the Choodaamani given by Sita.  
Vibheeshan counsels Ravan to return Sita to Sri Ram. Enraged by this Ravan excommunicates him.  Sri Ram agrees to take Vibheeshan in his side. In the supervision of Nala, monkey Engineer, the monkeys construct a bridge on the ocean. Sri Ram sends Angad, son of Sugreeva, as an ambassador to negotiate with Ravan for the release of Sita. Ravan will not agree. Then the war breaks out. So many monkey leaders and demon leaders lose their lives. Lakshmana kills Viroopaaksha. Sri Rama kills Agniketu, Rasmiketu, Suptaghna, yagnakopa, Dhoomraaksha, Vajradanshtra, Akampana, Prahasta, Kumbhakarna, Devaantaka, Naraantaka, Atikaaya, Mahodara, Trisira, Mahaapaarsa.
Enraged with this Indrajit, son of Ravan, makes Laksman unconscious with his arrows. With the advice of Jaambavanta Hanumanji brings Sanjeevani parvat from the range of Himalayas. Smelling the divine herbs in Sanjeevani Parvat Lakshman becomes conscious. Hanumanji keeps the Sanjeevani Parvat back in the range of Himalayas.  After that Kumbha and Nikumbha yoopaaksha sonitaaksha Prajangha Kampana Makaraaksha sons of Kumbhakarna lose their lives. Then Indrajit also gets killed by Lakshmana. Angada kills Mahaapaarsa. Sugreeva kills Viroopaaksha Mahodara and Ubhaayu.  In the end Sri Ram puts his arrow into the abdomen of Ravana and kills him. Sri Ram makes Vibheeshana as the king Sri Lanka. Sita enters into pit of fire and comes out unscathed proving her chastity. Sri Ramji returns to Ayodhya. Seing Sri Ram Bharata gets unlimited happiness. He hands over Ayodhya to Sri Ram and retires to serve Sri Ram.  
Kowta Markandeya Sastry, Kriya yogi, Hyderabad.

1 comment:

  1. very good text. I request please arrange the notes in an order