KRIYA

Wednesday, 10 April 2013

Gita Antarartham(Inner meaning of Sri Bhagavadgita) Chapter 1


Gita
Antharaarth


KOWTA MARKANDEYA SASTRY
Kriyayogi
                                                                                                                                                  













                                   
               

        

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SRI PARAMAHANSA YOGANANDA SWAMY



             

                                    PREFACE

The divines conversation between Bhagavan Srikrishna & Arjuna is Shrimad Bhagavadgeeta simply called Gita. This was kindly given to the humanity by the Great illumined Sage Vedavyasa. The essence of 4 vedasa, 108 Upanishaths and 6 systems of  learning Veda together constitute Gita
Gita is unique Model representative of all faiths.    
Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaiseshika, Meemaasa, and Vedantha  branches of learning,  Saaktha, Faiths of Saiva, Ganapatya, Vaishnava, Principles & procedures  of all world Religions,  Modern Science will get answers & solace in Gita. 
The main principles of Starting, System, Strategy & Structure will also find place in Gita. Gita is translated into almost all languages of the world.  
Gita is eternal. The ideals and bare truths of Gita are well appreciable and applicable to all times, present, past & Future.
The essence of Vedasa are Upanishads. The essence of Upanishads is the  wishing tree Gita. Gita is the epitome of everything. Gita is the funeral of  all sorrows.
Eesa kena katha prasna maandookya tittiri
Aitareyam cha chaandogyam bruhadaaranyakam tathaa
Eesa kena katha prasna monadakopanishad maandookya tittareeyam aitareyam  chaandogyam and bruhadaaranyakam are ten important Upanishads.
Ten Upanishads, Gita, and Brahmasutras together are called Prasthaanthrayam.
After reading and practicing Gita theology, man will gradually undoubtedly shed his demonish, animal, human and divine traits or qualities and will illumine to be merged into God the father.
Gita is gigantic Yagna or Sacrifice.
In this Yagna, Fire place is Arjuna, matter that is to be sacrificed and put into that Fire place is Message of Gita, Hota or the taker is SriKrishna and the result is liberation from the bondage.
Gita Message starts with Asochyaananvasochastwam and ends with Maasuchah. That is it starts with ‘You are wailing about undeserved ones’ and ends with ‘’don’t wail’.
The eradication of Sorrow and getting Happiness is the soul aim & ideal of Gita. .

Birth of Gita
Gita was born at the end of  Dwapara Yuga.38 years before the advent of Kali Yuga on Margasira Suddha Ekaadasi.
At the time of preaching Gita Shri Krishna was 87 years old.
 The total life span of Shri Krishna was 125 years 7months and 30 ghadiyaas. 
   

Har
i
 
              
For our understading, let us call Sat in the above diagram as an effulgent lamp shedding its rays. Sat means the only Potential one.
Some  rays of  the lamp Sat only are passing through the transparent glass prism, Maya. The rays in the prism are called ‘Tat’ or Shri Krishna Consciousness.  Some rays of Sat shall pass through Tat, the glass prism. Some will not pass through.  So, Sat is in the glass prism as well as beyond this. The existance of Sat is independent where as the existance of Tat is dependant on Sat. Sat can exist with or without Tat but Tat cannot.
The rays that are refracted from the prism come out with a sound ‘ OM ’ and does the Creation which is not eternal. Due this reason one has to say ‘Hari OM Tat Sat’ before the start of any good work.     
All living, inert and non living beings are the part and parcel of this Creation. In fact only one exists which is eternal. That is Sat.  Sat is Omnipotent, Omnipresent and Omniscient. It is  Sat chit Anand. Sat is Truth Goodness and beauty. If  Name and configuration is added then Sat will be called Creation.   
Maya is the root cause of Creation. Ma means not Ya means truth. Maya is untruth.
The dream of Parabrahman is Maya. By opening his eyes man can  get rid of nightmarish dream. Maya, The dream of  ParaBrahman, God the Father, can be understood only through practice of essential KriyaYogaSadhana.
Jantoonaam narajanma dulabham.
To be born as a man is most difficult one amongst all living beings. It is the best.
One has to get into the OM from this incarnation, from OM into Krishna Consciousness/Tat, finally from Tat into the permanent abode, Parabrahman/Sat/God the father. 
The main theme of Gita:
Hey man, awake from this ignorance. Sat means the absolute/eternal Truth, Nyaasi means the Quest. Doer of  the quest for absolute/eternal Truth. With the practice of KriyaYoga get Samadhi.  Sama(equal or merge with) Adhi (Parabrahman, God the father),  Merge with God.
 Man, three bodies:
 Man is having three bodies.  The outer body that is with flesh and blood is called the inert Physical body. This is called Sthoola Sareera.
 In side that an energetic Subtle body. This is called Sookshma Sareera.
In side that an Idea  body. This is called Karana Sareera.
For the existace of these three Physical, Subtle & Idea bodies man will have individual Soul or Vyashtaatma.
 The physical, health and social principles are applicable to the visible Physical body/Sthoola Sareera.
 Morals, Meta physical things, traits of past karma, desires, thoughts, etc are applicable to the invisible Subtle body/Sookshma Sareera.   
 Spiritual, divine and principles pertaining to merger with Parabrahman/God the father are applicable to the invisible Idea body/Karana Sareera.
Idea body/Karana Sareera is very very nearer to Parabrahman, the remaing Subtle and Physical bodies will get the required energy for their existance from Ideabody. The sequence is from Idea to Subtle, and from Subtle to Physical body. For merger with God Man has to prepare his Physical, Subtle and then Idea bodies sequentially. 
  God has given Will power to Man. Misery, Pleasure, Happiness of Sense/Action organs are finally enjoyed by Physical bodt at last.
Man will not get any punishment until he does not utilise his Physical body for any crime. There is a provision for a change/realization till the last moment and can escape from the crime.  
The characters in Mahabharata:       

Akshouhinee =   21870 elephants  
                        21870 chariots
                        65610 horses  
                        109350 infantry Soldiers
These are the internal friends and foes of  the meditator. Kurukshetram—Moolaadhara, Swaadhistaana and Manipura Chakras
Kurukshetra-Dharmakshetram—Manipura, Anahata and  Visuddha Chakras              
Dharmakshetram—Visuddha, Aagna and Sahasraara Chakras
Ratham(Chariot)—Body
Saarathi(Charioteer)—ShreeKrishna, Suddhabuddhi(Clean Heart), Sahaja Aatmaavabodha(knowledge that comes through intuition), Sadguru(Master). 
Arjuna—Rathika(Saadhaka)
Horses—Indriyas(Sense Organs)
Reins—Mind
Kauravas—Bad qualities like kaama(Desires), krodha (Anger), lobha (Grediness), moha(illusion), mada(Pride) and Maatsarya (Jealousy)   
Pandavas—mooladhara, swadhistaana, manipura, anahata, and  visuddha Chakras. 
Draupadi—Kundalinee Shakti
First six chapters—karma Shatkam(Sravanam)
2nd six chapters—Bhakti Shatkam(Mananam)
3rd  six chapters—Gnaana Shatkam(Nidhidhyaasanam)
Santana—Auspicious Body— Parabrahman   
Ganga (first wife) — Initial Consciousness  of Nature
Satyavati(2nd wife) —Initial matter of Nature
Sri Krishna Consciousness — Kootastha Chaitanya ——The God in Creation
Sri Krishna Consciousness has devided itself into seven types of Consciousness.
  They are Macro Idea and  Micro Idea, Macro Subtle and Micro Subtle, Macro Physical and Micro Physical. These six and of course Sri Krishna Consciousness are not visible to the naked eye.
Only the last and final one Aabhaasa Chaitanya or Reflected Consciousness only is visible to the naked eye. It is called Universal ego or Bhishma. These are the eight children of Ganga and Santanu.
Sage Vyaasa, Chitraangada and Vichitraveerya are the three children of Satyavati.
 Sage Vyaasa — the discriminating Intellect.
Chitraangada —Chitta or Mahattatwa. This provides the required 24 elements for Physical Nature. The seed for Duality is rooted here.
 Vichitraveerya — The Idea Body related ego. The differentiation between Parabrahma and individual soul exists  due to this.
  Vichitraveerya is  having two wives. They are Ambica and Ambalika.
Amba is the Sister of Ambica and Ambalika. Amba is spinstress. Amba became Sikhandi later. Sikhandi is a transgender.
The for and against forces in Sadhaka, the Meditator..
Ambica — First wife of Vichitraveerya — Positive Doubt
Ambalika— 2nd  wife of Vichitraveerya — Negative Doubt
Sikhandi— Neutrality
Bheeshma, great warrior can not fight with a transgender.
Bheeshma represents ego in the characters of Maha Bharata. To disown everything is neutrality. Spiritually, Ego cannot have any effect on the Sadhak who maintains Neutrality.
Ambica is having onle one off spring viz., Dhritarashtra
Dhritarashtra— Blind mind because of slavery to sense pleasures.  .
Ambalica is having onle one off spring viz., Pandu.
Pandu.— Discriminating pure Intellect
Dhritarashtra had two wives, Gandhari and Vaishya.
Gandhari— The force that gives fillips to desires
Vaishya— Adherence to desires
Pandu is having two wives, Kunti and Madri.
Kunti — power of detachment 
Madri— Adherence to detachment
Vaishya is having is having one off spring, Yuyutsu.
Yuyutsu — Desire to fight mentally.
Yuyutsu fought on the side of Pandavas in Kurukshetra War. He fought with Kauravas, the internal bad qualities of  Sadhak.
 Gandhari is having 100 children. They are:


1) Duryodhana, 2)Dussaasana, 3) Dussaaha, 4) Dussaala,   5) Jalagandha, 6)Sama, 7)Saha, 8) Vindha, 9) Anuvindha,   10) Durdarsana,11)subaahu,12)Dushpradarsana,13)Durmarshana14)Durmukha, 15)Dushkarna, 16)Vikarna, 17) saala,  18)  19)Sulochana,  20)Chitra,  21)upachitra, 22)Chitraaksha,  23)Chaaruchitra, 24)Saraasana, 25)Durmada,  26)Durvi gaaha,  27)vivilsu,  28)Vikatananda,  29)Oornanaabha,  30)Sunaabha,  31)Nanda,  32)Upananda,  33)Chitrabaanu,  34) Chitravarma, 35)Suvarma,  36)Durvimocha  37)Ayo baahu,  38)Mahaabaahu,  39)Chitraanga,  40)Chitrakundala,  41)Bheemavega,  42)Bheemabala,  43)Vaalaki,  44)Bala vardhana,  45)Ugraayudha,  46)Sushena,  47)Kundaadhara,  48)Mahodara,  49)Chitraayudha,  50)Nisangi,  51)Paasi,  52)Brundaaraka, 53)Drudhavarma, 54)Drudhakshatra, 55)Somakeerti,  56)Andhudara,  57)Drudhasandha, 58)Jaraa sandha, 59)Satyasandha,  60)Sadaasuvaakku, 61)Ugrasava,  62)Ugrasena, 63)Senaani,64)Dushparaayana, 65)Aparaajita,  66)Kundasaayi, 67)Visaalaaksha,  68)Duraadhara, 69)Drudhahasta, 70)Suhasta, 71)Vaatavega, 72)Suvarcha,   73)Aadityaketu  74)Bahuvaasi, 75)Naagadatta, 76)Ugra saayi,  77)Kavachi, 78)Chakradhana, 79)Kundhi, 80)Bheema vikra,  81)Dhanurdhaara, 82)Veerabaahu, 83)AAlolupu, 84)Abhaya, 85)Drudhakarmaavu,  86)Drudharathaasraya,  87)Anaadrushya,  88)Kundabhedi, 89)Vairavi, 90)Chitra kundala, 91)Pramaadha,  92)Amapramaadi, 93)Deergha roma,  94)Suveeryavanta,  95)Deerghabaahu, 96)Sujaata,  97) Kaanchanadhwaja, 98)Kundhaasi, 99) Viraajas, and  100) Yuyutsu. Yuyutsu only remained in War.
Kunti had three sons. They are Yudhistira, Bheema and Arjuna.
Madri had two sons. They are Nakula and Sahadeva.
Yudhistira — AAkaasa Tatwa(Vibratory Ether element)
Bheema — Vaayu Tatwa(Vibratory Air element)
Arjuna — Agni Tatwa(Vibratory Fire element)


Nakula — Varuna Tatwa(Vibratory Water element)
Sahadeva — Pruthvi  Tatwa(Vibratory Earth element)
Draupadi is the wife of all these Five Pandavas.
Draupadi— Kula Kundalinee Shakti.(Individualized Maya, the delusion). This is the out going 31/2 turns coiled life force lying underneath the anus in sleeping State.
The awakened Kundalinee shall energise the Chakras (plexus) of the meditating Sadhak.
 It requires 12 years for the establishment of the bad habits or past samskaaras and  to weaken the will power. Again to get the will power strengthened and for the establishment of the good habits or past samskaaras 12 years’ time period of ardent Kriya Yoga is required. This is the time spent by pandavas in Jungles. 13th year is required for giving up worldly desires and do Kriyayoga Sadhana with fervour in solitude. This will lead the Meditator to get into Nirvikalpa Samadhi.   

Things that help the Meditator for uninterrupted Sadhana:

Good Habits or Samskaaraas.
Spiritual desire----- Army.
Sahadeva------ Moolaadhara Chakra,Coccygeal, devine resistance to negative forces that interrupt the Meditation.
Nakula----------Swaadhistaana Chakra, Sacral,--------Devine attachment to Meditation
Arjuna------Manipura Chakra, Lumbar---------Devine self resistance.
Bheema--------Anaahata Chakra, Dorsal,Divine life force control ------
 And
Yudhistir--- Visuddha Chakra, Cervical,-- Divine peace and tranquility
 Shri Krishna—Agnaa chakra, Medulla Centre, This lies between the eye brows, It is called Kutastha, Sahajaatmavabodha, Sadguru,--- Divine Power of Intution
Paramaatma---Sahasraara Chakra, ---All witnessing God, the Father, Saaksheebhoota.
Mahabharata—The effulgence of  Cosmic consciousness
 The evil forces, Karavas, shall always be troubling the meditator during his sadhana and deviate him from Meditation.
To weaken these evil forces and regain  the kingdom of God is Mahabharata. The internal war  with these evil forces by the Meditator is kriyayogasadhana.      
Sadguru Srikrishna in Agna Chakra shall help the Meditator with intuition during Sadhana to become triumphant that is to merge with Para Brahma.
To awaken the Kundalinee, the outgoing life force, with Kriya Yoga Sadhana,  lying underneath the Moolaadhara Chakra, and to direct it to reach Sahasrara Chakra is known as obtaining the kingdom of God.
1) Prativindya, Son of Yudhistira, 2) Srutasoma, Son of Bheema, 3) Srutakeerti, Son of Arjuna, 4) Sataaneeka, Son of Nakula, & 5) Srutasena,  Son of Sahadeva.  They are Upa Pandavas, The off spring of Pandavas.  ---- The  centres of Mooladhara, Swadhistaana, manipura, Anahata & Visuddha Chakras.  
 Some of the qualities of Karavas, The Evil forces, are given below:   
 Physical Sense desires, Anger, Greed, Greediness, Revenge, Jealousy, Evil Intellect, Evil Desire, lust, rebuke, untruthful, Stooping too low, Cruelty, evil thinking, to make others unhappy, to destoy others, desire to destoy others, unkindness, Cruelty in word & deed, not having patience, hypocrisy,selfishness, pride, deceitful nature, pride due to caste or social status, pride of creed, feeling of Iam respectable, More proudy, restlessness, quarrelling nature even for small matters, peevish mentality, not having soft nature, revengeful nature, to feel for even trivial things, physical laziness, lack of motivation, mental laziness, spiritual complacency, timidity, lack of spirituality, physical, mental and spiritual impurity, ungrateful to God, unfaithful to God, not having foresight, stupidity, fear pshycosis of diseases, narrow mentality, whimsical nature, sense attachment, unsteady thoughts, unintelligent vision, physical, mental and spiritual dullness, speaking, listening, tasting, seeing, smelling, touching, thinking, remembering, doing, experiencing and liking evil, fearing disease and death, worrying, gluttony, superstitiousness, obstinacy, swearing bad oaths, too much sleeping, slothfulness, hypocrisy, always hypothetical, partiality, suspicion, always moody, moroseness, bitterness, postponing meditation, always unhappy and discontentment, pessimism, not believing God, and always talking harsh etc.
Apparent meaning:
Dhritarashtra and king Pandu are brothers. Dhritarashtra is blind by birth. Blind man is not entitled to rule. So Pandu got the kingdom to rule.
Pandu had two wives, Kunti and Madri. Their offsprings are called Pandavas.  The offsprings of Dhritarashtra are called Kauravas.
The worm jealousy entered the mind of Duryodhana. He defeated the Pandavas deceitedly with the help of cunning Sakuni in ‘ the game of dice’, gambling. As per the conditions of this game, the Pandavas has to give kingdom   to Duryodhana and they were to spend their life in  forest for 12 years and one year ‘in disguise’.
Pandavas will fulfil the two conditions and return to ask Duryodhana to give back their kingdom. They will send Srikrishna as an ambassador to Kauravas for negotiations but of no use. Duryodhana will not agree to give  even a space of needle. Kurukshetra war became inevitable.
Kurukshetra is Dharmakshetra, place of virtue. The armies of both sides, Pandavas and Kauravas, were lined up on either side face to face. Shree Krishna will install the chariot in between the armies at a vantage point as per the desire of  Arjuna who wanted to see the warriors of both sides. Seeing the close relatives like fathers, fathers-in-law, Maternal and paternal grand fathers, uncles, Teachers, brothers etc., Arjuna started wailing and asks Shree Krishna as to how can he kill these close relations for the sake of  material kingdom. He feels that it is a great sin. So he asks Krishna to preach him the Kartavyam, the duty. The result is Gita.
Whom the Gita should not be preached:
The Gita should not be preached to those people who are not interested to come out of this Material births and rebirths, not having respect to elders and Teachers, not having devotion towards God, who condemn God,  
Yogas taught in Yoga:
Karma yoga:  Execute your duty  without aspiring for any benefit. 
Bhaktiyoga: Having complete dedication and trust on God.
Nine ways of Bhakti, dedication:
Sravanam keertanam Smaranam Paadasevanam Archanam Vandanam Daasyam Sakhyam and Aatmaarpanam.
Eight types of Ahimsa, Non-violence:
Ahimsaa prathamo pushpah pushpamindriyanigrah
Sarvabhoota dayaa  kshamaa pushpam viseshatah
Shaantipushpam tapah pushpam dhyaanapushpam tathaivacha
Satyamashtavidham pushpam vishnoh preetikaram bhavet 
Non-violence, control of senses, kindness on all living beings, patience, peace, penance, meditation and truthfulness are liked by God.
Man(Mind), Buddhi(Intellect), Chitta(Sphere of thinking) and Ahamkaara(Ego or Iness) together constitutes Anthah karana.
Satwa(Positive), Rajo(Neutral) and Thamo(Negative) are the three qualities.
If the Anthah karana is filled with the mixure of Rajo and Thamo Guna then it is hardened. With this quality any amount of so called worships(Pooja), eulogizings(Stotra), religious vows(Vratham), meditation  are done just for the sake of them without complete dedication and surrendering  then that  will not lead to liberty.  Sarvabhoota Daya i.e., kindness on all living beings is quite essential. This is the Practical Vedanta or Anushtaana Vedanta.
Dhyanayoga: To remain concentrate on God only in spite of any amount of odds one may face.
To maintain equanimity in Misery and happiness, Cold and Heat, Praise and abuse, Profit and loss, honour and dishonour, Victory and defeat,   is YOGA. This is what is preached by Paramatma Shree Krishna.     
Gnaanayoga:  Firm conviction of  ‘ Aham Brahmaasmi’, Iam the GOD.
Karma, Bhakti, Dhyana and Gnaana yoga preached in Gita are not independent. They are interdependent.
Yagna:
To do Yagna several things like helping people, Good amount of money, performers like Hotha, Udgaata, Ritwiks, Learned Pandits, People having knowledge of  Sastras,  are required. 
The result of Yagnas (Sacrifices) is trivial. Eternal liberty will not be the result of such Yagnas.
 Shri Krishna has given Nishkama Karma Yagna/Yoga to the mankind. Caste/class distinctions, strict ablutions, huge expenditures are not involved in this.  ‘’I am doing everything for God, I am not the Karta, the doer. .God is the only Karta. Eating, smelling, tasting, breathing, running, walking etc everything is done by God and only God. He is active and Iam passive.’’ This firm conviction is required. what is required is to involve God in each and every bit of day to day affairs and dedicate everything to HIM. Disowning everything making God as Karta for everything is real Yagna. Even the ferocious Kurukshetra war is also yagna if Arjuna disowns it. Even small things like Swaadhyaaya( to read himself), controlling food are also Yagnas.  The result is infinite Good. It culminates into liberty.    
Tyaagam, Sanyasam: 
To do Karma and dedicate it to God is Tyaagam.
To do fire sacrifice or not doing any work is not Sanyas.
Sat means Truth, Nyasam means the quest. So the Quest for Sat i.e., God is Sanyasa. Without expecting do Karma. This will lead to attain the Truth.
Penance(Tapas):
To worship Devas(Deities), Brahmanistas(Those who follow and step into the qualities of Brahma, the God), Masters, Mahatmas (Great Souls), and acquiring virtues like Saucham(Purity), Rujutwa (Honesty), Brahmacharyam (Celibacy), and Ahimsa (Non ,violence) are Saareerak Tapas (Bodily Penance). In fact to roam in Brahma is Brahmacharya.
Satyam brooyaat Priyam  brooyaat
Priyam cha naanrutam  brooyaat 
Na  brooyaat Satyamapriyam
Etat dharma sanaatanah
Always speak Truth but speak sweetly.
Sweetly speak but do not speak untruth.
But Truth should not be spoken harshly.
This is our ancient Dharma.
Purity of mind, Silence, Self control, Purity in thoughts are called Manasika Tapas(Mental Penance).
Configuration  of Gita:
Vedas are devided into Sahmitas(Karma Kanda or Action Chapters), Brahmanas(Upasana kanda or Practcals) and Upanishads(Gnaana kanda or Wisdom/essence/moral chapters)
Gita contains 18 chapters in total.
Like Vedas, the first 6 chapters of Gita are called Karma shatkam(Action chapters), Second 6 chapters are called Bhakti shatkam(Dedication chapters), and last 6 chapters are called Gnaana shatkam(Wisdom chapters).
karma Shatkam is a mixture of Bhakti(devotion) and Gnaana(Wisdom) yogas. Bhakti Shatkam is a mixture of Karma and Gnaana(Wisdom) yogas. Gnana  is a mixture of Karma and Bhakti(devotion) yogas. 
Gita consists of 18 chapters. These can be devided into Four parts, Karma, Bhakti, Dhyana and Gnaana yogaas. These four Yogas are not dependant. They are inter dependant. By doing Karma one will get dedication. The continuous dedication shall lead to Dhyana, one pointedness. The intense Dhyana shall give the Sadhaka Gnana, Pure wisdom.    
Object of Gita:
 Every speaker should follow this procedure while giving speech. They are:
1) Upakrama—How to start the speech?
    Krishna, Iam your disciple, I sought your  refuge. Order
    Me.  (2— 7)
 2) Abhyaasa— Practice.
     Gita advises you to practice Bhakti(dedication) and Saranaagati(surrender to God)
3)Apoorvata— The importance of your message.
   Gita highlits the importance of Nishkaamakarma, Bhakti and Dhyaana so as to get complete and pure Wisdom, Gnana.
4) Phalam — Result.
    Gita counsels  you to abide by the Paramatma, Stock, barrel and gun. (Manasa, Vacha and Karmana). This results in merging with HIM and not falling in the circle of Births and deaths(Janmarahityam).
5) Arthavada — The purpose of work.
 Do your work by dedicating it to God. Even small amount of dedicated work shall remove gigantic worldly fear.  
 6) Upapatti — To ascertain the rendition of the speaker.
   Nishkaama Karma(Doing one’s duty without aspiring for result), Bhakti(dedication) and Dhyana(one pointedness) shall definitely lead to pure wisdom and no rebirth. ,
.7) Upasamhaaram — Conclusion.
 Give up everything and take shelter in me. (18—66).
Description of the Chapters in Gita:
1) Arjuna vishaada yoga: (The grief of Arjuna):
Bhagavan Shree Krishna has installed the chariot in between the tow armies of Pandavas and Kauravas as desired by Arjuna. Seeing the Brothers, Brothers-in-law, Fathers, Fathers-in-law, Paternal and maternal Uncles, Grand fathers, and Teachers etc.,started wailing with bitter sorrow. He orgues with Shree Krishna that what is the use of getting a kingdom after losing close kiths and kins. It is great sin. Preach me the Kartavyam, the duty. The divine conversation between Shree Krishna and Arjuna  results in Gita.
In kriyayoga Sadhana, Sadhak shall face East or North, fixing the gaze in Kootastha, Spinal cord(Gaandeev Dhanush) erect and should sit in a fixed posture(Aasana). Sadhak will utilize Swaasa(breath) as Astra(weapon) during Pranayama(control of Life force)
In the initial stages of Sadhana, every Sadhak, Meditator, shall get a doubt as to whether this Yoga Sadhana shall give him the benefit of uniting with God or not? Or else he has to lose the benefits of Material life as well. People shall ridicule him as a clown who lost both Spiritual and material happiness.
To assuage the feelings of Sadhak, Bhagavan ShreeKrishna takes the role of Sadguru. He counsels his devotee Arjuna through  Intution, Sajaavatmabodha. HE expatiates the reality of  the Soul, the Atma. This rendition is started with Arjuna Vishaada yoga.  Krishna replies with Sankhyayoga..  
2) Saankhyayoga: Cosmic Wisdom and how to attain IT.  In this chapter Shree Krishna describes the configuration of Soul, the need of War, proposing the Nishkaama Karma, the qualities of Sthitapragna, the Self realized, the necessity of controlling the senses. Shree Krishna tells Arhuna to do each and every work including Kurukshetra war by being a name sake, nimitaamaatra, dedicating and attributing everything to God. Here War means internal war i.e., Sadhana. Shree Krishna explains the impotance of Sadhana. But without doing Karma Yoga Sadhana is not possible. Hence the necessity of Karma Yoga.                
3) KarmaYoga: The way to Spirituality: Doing Karma without wanting for results is Yagna. Paramattma says:He is also doing and shall continue to do Karma in spite of being Paramatma and wisdom personified.  One should do Karma impaasionately without apiring for results. Bhagavan Shree Krishna preaches how to be victorious against Kama(  Desire,Duryodhana), Krodha(Anger, Dussaasana), Lobha (Greed, Karna ),  Moha(Delusion, Sakuni), Mada(Pride, Salya)  and Matsarya(Envy, Material attachment, Kritavarma,).  This way the ground for Karmayoga to preach Yoga wisdom to Arjun, the Sadhak, is created.   
Knowingly or unknowingly man does so many sins in his daily life while eating, cooking, sweeping, by killing living beings. Certain expiations are suggested by our ancient Rishis. They are called Panchasoonams.
1)Devayagna: Homa,
2)Ptruyagna: Tarpan,
3)Nruyagna: Atithipooja,
4)Brahmayagna: vedaadhyan, and
5)Bhootayagna: to feed living beings.
4)Gnaanayoga: Path to Wisdom: The expression of Nishkaama Karma, Doing work without result, the sacred deelings of man of pure wisdom, the discussions of different yogas, are mentioned by Bhagavan Shree Krishna.
Karma means VihitaKarmas, the works that ought to be done.
Vikarma means Nishiddha Karmas, the works that are not to be done.
Akarma means Not doing any work and sitting idle.
The techniques required for purification of Chitta are explained in Karmayoga. Firstly Antahkarana should bepurified with NishkaamaKarmayoga(doing Karma without expecting for results).Then that that Antahkarana will be filled with pure wisdom, Suddhagnaana.
5) Karmasanyasayoga:  First it will explain about Sankhya  and Nishkaama Karma Yoga. Then it will explain about the qualities of Sankhya,Nishkaama Karma Yoga, Gnana yoga, Dhyana Yoga impregnated with Bhakti(Dedication).
Arjuna, the Sadhak, gets a doubt as to which yoga is better to practice. To remove that doubt, Bhagavan ShriKrishna  shall explain mutual dependacy of one yoga with another. No yoga is independent of each other.  All yogas are interdependent.
Unless alphabets are known, reading of words cannot be known. This leads to knowledge of sentences, then small books, then treatises. So allegorical way of learning alphabets, words, sentences and then  treatises are required.   
6)AtmasamyamaYoga: Demonstration of Nishkaama karma yoga, the characteristics of Yogaroodha(good Yogi), elation of Soul, nature of Gnani, the man of pure wisdom, Dhyana techniques, self control, the good fate of Yogabhrashta, the benefits of Dhyana, are preached in this.     
Once the nature and signs of God is known, then one will be able to meditate on HIM with one pointedness. Hence the necessity of Vignaana Yoga occurred.
7)Vignanayoga: Nature of spirit, about wisdom with distinction of purity, each and everything is God and God only, Para and Apara Prakriti i.e., ParaBrahman and Nature, What is the meaning of Arta, the man who is need of  God due to his difficulties, Jignaasu, the man who wanted to know God, Arthaarthi,  the man who wanted God to provide wealth, and Gnaani, the man of Pure wisdom, worshipping methods of different Deities, and about non believers of God, are explained in this chapter. Sadhaka shall make efforts and take the rescue  of God to get rid of the bondage of Births and Deaths. This Wisdom  comes to the Sadhak, the meditator, through Intution that is to be cultivated by the Sadhak with self effort. This Intution is Bhagavan Shree Krishna. So Aksharaparabrahma Yoga is necessitated.     
8) Aksharaparabrahma Yoga: The clarification of doubts of Arjuna about Brahman, Spirituality, Karma, the usefulness of Om Chanting, Creation, deluge, the true nature of Brahman and its attainment with Bhakti, the dedication, Sukla and Krishna paksha paths, the greatness of Yogi, are explained in this Yoga. 

9)RajavidyaRajaGuhyayoga: This yoga is secret of secrets. The effect of Spirituality, the description of Parabrahman, the advent of Creation, the nature of Deity and Devil, the nature of doing work with desires and without desires, are explained in this Yoga.
    
10)Vibhuti Yoga: The stage is now set for explaining about the glorification of Parabrahman in a bigger way.

11) Viswaroopasandarsana Yoga: Now Arjuna, the Sadhak, has acquired the qualification with his sadhana to be able to witness and experience the Cosmic Form of Parabrahman. Parabrahman has shown his Cosmic Form to Sadhak as per his wish. Be an instrument in the hands of Parabrahman and do Kurukshetra war, the Spiritual Kriya Yoga Sadhana. Again  HE comes back to his normal form as the Sadhak is not yet ready  to witness this gigantic Cosmic form. Onle with Ananyabhakti i.e., incessant Dhyana only one will be able to experience and witness this Cosmic Form.  It is akin to a 40Watt Bulb cannot hold 1000watt Electricity. Either bulb is to be of 1000Watt+ or the Electricity should be scaled down to 40watt minus. So Bhaktiyogam, complete surrender, is necessitated.

12)BhaktiYoga: The format of Bhakti, complete surrender, different Spiritual Methods, tangible Brahman, the qualities of true Bhakta, the surrenderer, is explained in this Yoga. Then the stage is set for intangible Brahman.  

13)Kshetrakshetragna vibhaaga Yoga: Kshetra means Field, Kshetragna means Soul. The Format of Kshetra and Kshetragna, the pure wisdom, Ignorance, Description of The Spirit and Nature, How to attain Nirguna Brahman, Intangible Spirit, are explained in this chapter. 
 
14)GunatrayavibhaagaYoga: The role of  satwa, Rajas and Tamo Gunas(qualities) in Spiritual Sadhana, how  man is bound by these qualities, the nature of those qualities, how to grow beyond these qualities, the description of Gunateeta JeevanMukta, the Sadhak who had overcome these qualities and attained liberty during this incarnation itself, are explained in this Yoga. Then to attain Ananya Bhakti, dedication personified, Purushottama Prapti yoga is needed.
        .
15) Purushottama Prapti yoga: The description of Samsaara Vriksha, the material world, path to attain ParaBrahman, discussion of Jeevatma, the All pervasive GOD, is expalined in this Yoga. To explain things like qualities of Virtue and vice, DaivasuraSampadwibhaaga Yoga is necessitated.

16) DaivasuraSampadwibhaaga Yoga: The Soul qualities that make Sadhak God-like, the qualities of  man of demon-like, the three fold gate of Hell, is explained in this Yoga.  Sraddhaatraya Vibhaga Yoga is necessitated for the Right Understanding of Scriptural Guidance for the conduct of life
   
17) Sraddhaatraya Vibhaga Yoga: Three kinds of Faith, three patterns of Worship, three Classes of Food, three kinds of Dana, giving, are explained in this Yoga.
  
18)MokshaSanyasa Yoga: This chapter is summation of all the 17 yogas. Sanyasaa (renunciation), Tyaga(Giving),  the roots of Action and liberation, three Grades of Knowledge, Action, and Character, Buddhi(Intelligence), Dhriti(Fortitude), etc., are discussed in this Concluding Chapter. 
 








                                        Foreword 
Mahabharat means Great Effulgence. The Sadhak shall fix his gaze in Kootastha, the centre between the eye brows,  while doing Meditation.  Then he will find Great(Maha) Effulgence(Bharat). His life is useless if who does not get this Great Effulgence at least once in his life time.
Enemies are two types, Internal and External. To defeat external enemies physical eyes are required. To defeat internal enemies internal  eye is required.  That internal eye is called
‘Third Eye’.
Every man consists of several traits. They are:  Dhritarashtra, Blind Mind impregnated with love and affection on his children whether  they are good or bad. 
Sanjaya, the conqueror of himself, embodiment of Pure Thinking. 
Bheeshma, Ego. 
Drona, Habits(Good or Bad) 
Vikarna, Raga and Dwesha, Attachment and detatchment.
Duryodhana, Kama or King of Desires.
Dussaasana, Krodha or Anger. 
Karna, Lobha or Greed. 
Sakuni,Moha or Delusion. 
Salya,  Madam or Pride.  
Kritaverma, Maatsarya or Jealousy. 
These are the symbolic representation of Kauravas, qualities of vice, Rakshasa prakriti or Demonic Nature, in Man. 
Pandavas represent qualities of virtue, Daivee Prakriti, Godly Nature, in Man. 
Each and every man contains both Pandavas and Kauravas in him.   
A man can not be 100% cruel. He may be having 1% Good quality or thinking. That 1% Goodness shall lead him to think ‘ Who am I, where from I have come?, what is my destination?, what I am doing is right or wrong? ’’ That leads him to do Kurukhetra war. Then with his Will Power he will try to overcome his Karma. That endeavour is called  Sadhana. To reach his Home, Paramatman, is the meaning of his Sadhana.
Pure Mind, Pure Intellect and Pure Self are one and the same.
Moolaadhara(Coccygeal), Swaadhisthana(Sacral) and Manipura(Lumbar) plexus are Kurukshetra.
Manipura, Anahata(Dorsal) and Visuddha(Cervical) Chakras are Kurukshetra – Dharmakshetra.
Visuddha, Agna and Sahasrara are Dharmakshetra.
The outgoing force of life energy at the base of the spine in Moolaadhara(Coccygeal) is called Kundalinee. The Kundalinee serpent force runs down through a circular passage coiled 31/2  turns like a snake into the nerves. Only by super Psycho-Physical methods like Kriya Yoga Practice, this Kundalinee can be awakened.
The Kundalinee passage is the Gate Way of the out going Life Force at the base of the spine. This gateway is responsible for flooding the life current from the soul region of the different senses of sight, touch, smell, taste, and hearing, including the earth bound, physical, creative force of sex. When this  is ego oriented then it is called sleeping Kundalinee. When it is God oriented due to Kriya sadhana, it called awakened Kundalinee.
If the battery is not charged in regular intervals In a Mobile cell Phone  whenever required, it will be dead. Man will bring his Prarabdha karma out of his accumulated Sanchita Karma. The main thing the man brings alongwith his Prarabdha karma is Hansas. One Hansa=one breath-in and one breath-out. To have a healthy and energetic life at least, one has to awaken the Kundalinee life force by doing Kriyayoga Sadhana 30 minutes in the morning and evening.   This Kundalinee force is called Draupadi in Mahabharata.   
Arta jana=  the one who is required of help from Sadguru, embodiment of pure wisdom. 
The war between Positive and negative forces during Sadhana to a Arta Jana, Arjuna or the Sadhak, is expatiated through Bhagavan Shree Krishna, Pure Intellect or Intuition. That Auspicious Sacred song is called Shreemad Bhagavadgita.       
Shree=Sacred
Mat= Mind, 
Bhagavat= Parabrahman, 
Gita = Song.
Bha= Bhakti or Dedication,
Ga= Gnana or Pure wisdom,
va=Vairagya (detatchment/impassion)
ta= tatwagnaan or That is You only wisdom.   
The sacred song  that is heard by a Sadhak through Pure mind or Parabrahman is Shreemad BhagavadGita.  
  
       
              


             Om srikrishna parabrahmanenamah
                    Sreemadbhagavad Gita
                Atha Prathamodhyaayah
                 Arjuna Vishaada Yogah
                    
Dhritarashtra uvaacha:--
Dharmakshetre Kurukshetre samaavetaa yuyutsavah
Maamakaah Pandavaashchaiva kimakurvata Sanjaya        1
Dhritarashtra said:
O, Sanjaya, My offspring and sons of Pandu have gathered in the holy plain of Kurukshetra with the interest of doing war. What did they do?
Mind normally works with the guidace given by the Senses. The Pons Varoli is a part of the Brain stem. This  is situated above the Medulla and Centered below the two hemispheres of Cerebrum. This connects the Cerebrum, Cerebellum and Medulla. The size of Varoli is 1x1x11/2 Inches. It consists of ascending sensory tracts and descending motor tracts. These tracts connects the brain to the rest of the body. The Manas, the sense mind, the subtle magnetic pole turned outwars toward the world of matter, is in the Pons Varoli. This Varoli is physiologically ever busy with sensory coordination.
   The cells of of Pons Varoli contains a chemical substance called Norepinephrine. This chemical stimulates the mobilization that prepares the body for action, dreaming, sleep and mind.
The Buddhi, the intelligence draws its determinating power  from the Superconsciousness of Soul.
Atma, the Soul, manifests ITS consciousness through the Chakras, plexus, related to Karana Sareera, the Idea body.  
Learned say ‘ Kshetre Kshetre dharma Kuru’.  Do Good  in each and every  field. In each and every Chakra, plexu, is to be done to ward off darkness.
Each and every human being consists of Moolaadhara, Swadhistaana, Manipura, Anahata, Visuddha, Agnaa and Sahasraara Chakras in the Spinal cord  pertaining to Karana Chetana, Idea body Consciousness. 
Moolaadhara, Swadhistaana and Manipura Chakras in the Spinal cord are called Kuru Kshetra. They are also called Sansara Chakras or worldly plexuses. They entangle the man to be material bound.
Manipura, Anahata and Visuddha Chakras in the Spinal cord are called Kurukshetra—Dharmakshetra.
Visuddha, Agnaa and Sahasraara  Chakras in the Spinal cord are called  Dharmakshetra.  The entangle the man to be God bound. 
Dhrutam Rashtram Ena Dhritaraashtrena.
Dhritaraashtra, Blind Mind Blinded by the slavery  to senses, has asked Sanjaya. The Devine insight, the one who knows oneself, the power of impartial intuitive self-analysis, discerning introspection and flawless critic in Sadhak, the meditator, is Sanjay. Sanjay means completely victorious.
 The vice forces that do Karma according to the whims of material bound mind and Senses is Kauravas in Sadhak. The Pandavas are forces of virtue in the Sadhak that do Karma as per the God bound Pure Intellect, Suddha Buddhi. So the Kurukshetra War is the war between Virtue and Vice in each and every Sadhak in particular and in each and every man ingeneral.
So Sense Mind is asking as to what these forces have done before the start of Meditation.
When Sperm and Ovum unites to form a human body, a flash of light appears in the Astral world. This is Heavenly Home of Souls between incarnations. That light transmits a pattern which attracts a soul according to the Karma of that Soul.
The war of Kurukshetra is to be won on three bodies, Physical, Astral, and Idea.
1)      The moral and Material war between virtue and vice on the sensory field, Kurukshetra,
2)      The psychological war waged in Kriya yoga meditation on the Cerebrospinal field, Dharmakshetra —Kurukshetra. This is the war between mental tendencies/inclinations of Sense Mind, Manas, and the pure discriminative tendencies of Intelligence, Buddhi.  Mind pulls the life force and consciousness towards the matter. Intelligence pulls the life force and consciousness towards the Soul 
3)      The Spiritual battle fought in Deep Meditation. This is fought on Cerebral field, Dharmakshetra. This is to overcome all lower states of Chetana, Consciousness. In thisbattle the Sadhak, the Meditator, shall discard all his egoity and sense slavery, fully and completely, to get united the Soul with Spirit. This victorious union of Soul and Spirit is called Samadhi, the union of human consciousness with Cosmic Consciousness.
This state of Samadhi may be achieved by Sadhak, many a number of times, till such time his Karma, Past(Sanchita), Present(Prarabdha) and Future(Aagami), is completely annihilated. In this state the yogi is liberated from all his three bodily encasements, Physical(sthoola), Astral (Sookshma) and Ideal(Karana). He will remain a free Soul in Ever-existing, Ever-Conscious, Ever New bliss of Omnipresent Spirit. This Samadhi is called Mahasamadhi. If the yogi chooses to descend again from his Samadhi into the Consciousness and activities of his body, he does so in the sublime state of Nirvikalpa Samadhi. In this highest state of externalized Soul onsciousness, he remains anchored to God Consciousness. He shall be doing duties without any attachment to the fullest satisfaction of  the Cosmic plan of God.
      
 Sanjaya uvaacha:--
Drushtwaatu Paandavaaneekam
Vyoodham Duryodhanastathaa
Achaaryamupasamgamya
Raajaa vachanamabraveet                                             2
Sanjay said:--
The King Duryodhana, after having seen the systematically planned Armies of Pandavas, approached his Guru preceptor, Drona, and said as below:
  From here onwards the total conversation between Arjuna and Bhagavan Shree Krishna is to be assumed as the narration by Sanja with King Dhritarashtra.  between   
 The victory of calmness of Soul over the restlessness of Ego is of four stages: (1) Always restless, never calm. In this state the senses of man is under the complete control of Ego, Ahamkaara. (2) Sometimes restless i.e., Senses are under the control of Ego, sometimes calm i.e., Senses are under the control of Soul (3)Most of the times calm i.e., Senses are under the control of Soul mostly, few times restless i.e., Senses are under the control of Ego occassionally. (4) Always Calm, no restlessness i.e., Senses are under the completel control of Soul. This comes due to Kriya Yoga Sadhana.
Duryodhana represents king of desires. Drona represents Habits. The reason for desires is pst habits. Habits may be god, bad or mixture of Good and bad. The meditating Sadhak will have both Good and bad habits.  
Pasyaitaam Paanduputraanaam
Achaaryamahateem chamoom
Vyoodhaam Drupadaputrena
Tava sishyena dheemataa                                   3
O, Teacher, behold the great armies of  Pandavas, arranged in a planned order by your disciple, Dushtadyumna.
Dushtadyumna, son of King Drupada and brother of Draupadi, represents dispassion. This comes due to deep spiritual intensity and devine devotion. 
Moolaadhara, Swadhistaana, Manipura, Anahata and  Visuddha  CHAKRAS exist in Merudanda, Spinal cord.
Draupadi in Mahabharata represents Kundalinee lying underneath the anus in the vicinity of Moolaadhara Chakra, Sadeva Chakra. Kundalinee is individualized Maya.
21/2 Knuckles above the Moolaadhara Chakra in the Spinal Cord is the Swaadhistaanachakra, Nakula Chakra.. 21/2 Knuckles of one’s own index finger is the measurement.  
Manipurachakra, Arjunachakra, exists behind navel.
Anahatachakra, Bheemachakra, exists behind Heart.
Visuddhachakra, Yudhistira, exists in Gullet.
Agnaachakra, SriKrishnaChakra, exists in Kootastha. Kootastha is the space between the eye brows in the fore head.
In the centre of the top surface of skull, above the Cerebrum, exists Brahmarandhra. Underneath the Brahmarandhra exists Sahasraarachakra, Paramatmachakra.
Drupada— Bhautika vishayavaanchaarahita, Dispassion for material enjoyment due to deep spiritual fervour.
Dushtadyumna—Antargata Atmagnana prakasam, internal effulgence burning with the fire of Soul wisdom.
Sanskaras, Habits, are of  two types. they are Daivee samskaaraas, Devine Habits, and Rakshasa Samskaaraas, Demonic Habits. Drona is teacher having both the habits. So Dushtadyumna of Good habits, the commander of Pandava Armies, and Kauravas of Bad habits, both  of them are his disciples.
The physical world consists of more dogs, pigs and menials  than tigers. Likewise the men of vice will be numerically more than men of virtue. Likewise the armies of Kauravas exceed Pandavas. 
Oh, the representative of Habits, Drona preceptor, see the armies of armies of virtue arranged by Dushtadyumna, internal effulgence burning with the fire of Soul wisdom.  
Atra sooraama maheshwaasaa
Bheemaarjuna samaayudhi
Yuyudhaano viraatascha
Drupadascha mahaarathah                              4    
Dhrushtakethuschekitaanh
Kaaseeraajaschaveeryavaan            
Purujit kuntibhojascha
Saibyascha narapungavah                                  5
Yudhaamanyuscha vikraanta
Uttamaujaascha veeryavaan
Saubhadro draupadeyaascha
Sarvaeva mahaarathaah                                     6
There are many mighty heros, extraordinary bowmen as skillful as Bhima and Arjuna, in the armies of Pandavas. They are Yuyudhaana(Satyaki), Virata, and Maharatha Drupada.
Dhrishtaketu (Son of Sisupala, king of Chedi), chekitana, the powerful Kasiraja, men of eminence—Purujit, Kuntibhoja and Saibya.
The strong Yudhaamanyu, the valiant Uttamaujas, Abhimanya, and the sons of Five Pandavas. They are all Mahatrathies—all lords of great chariots.
Maharadha means the one who alone can fight singlehandedly with 10,000 warriors at a time.  
In this devine Pandava army,
Bheema represents life force control, Arjuna repreaents self control. There are many warriors who are equal to the calibre of  Bheema and Arjuna in the Army of  Pandavas.       
They are:
Yuyudhanu – Devine Dedication, Virat—Samadhi, Drupada—Teevra samvega or Impartiality,  Chekitana—Adhyatmika Smriti, Memory,   Kasiraj—Pragna, Pure Wisdom,  Drushtaketu—Yama, Manasika Nigraha sakati, Mental equanimity,  Saibya—Manasika Dhrudhatwam, Mental fortitude,  Kuntibhoja—Asana, right posture,  Purujit—Pratyaahara,Mental interiorization,  Yudhamanyu—Praanayama, Life force control,  Uttamaujas—Veeryam, Cellibacy,  Abhimanyu—The one who can control oneself in all ways,  and Upapandavas—the nerve centres of Chakras, Plexus.  Dharan, Dhyana and Samadhi all combinely called Samyama.      
All the above warriors are Maharadhies i.e., the great warriors. They all can keep away the Physical desires and helps the Sadhak, the Meditator, to continue his Sadhana.
Sperm, wavering mind that is desirous of physical pleasure, Breath and Life Force are inter related.   
With the media of cellibacy the Sadhak shall move from Physical pleasure to Divinity. Devine Shradda, Dedication, means Attraction towards Parabrahman.  
 Adhyatmika Smriti, Spiritual Memory, Gnapti, Spirtual rememberance, Sadhak shall recognize that he is the replica of Parabrahman.
Sama means Equal/merge, Adhi means Parabrahman. To merge with Parabrahman is Samadhi.
Sadhak and Parabrahman both becoming Unity is Samadhi.
To eradicate Physical pleasure, desires and entanglememnts 12 years of ardent Sadhana is required. After that the Sadhak shall start tasting Samadhi in 13th Year.
With Pragna, Pure widom, the Sadhak shall differentiate Good and Bad. He will be able to be away from evil forces with this Pure wisdom.  He will be cautious against these forces. 
Due to Teevrasamvega or Nispakshapata, Impassioante impartiality, the Sadhak, Meditator, shall draw himself away from Physical  wants.
Thre are three types of conflicts, Adibhautika sangharshana, Adi Daivika Sangharshana and  Adhyatmika Snagharshana.
Adibhautika sangharshana:  The Physical pains of Physical body.  
Adi Daivika Sangharshana: The mind related problems like thoughts, thoughts emanating from the previous thought(s), etc. These come due to unsteady mind. The Mind make the Sadhak attracted to Physical wants, where as the Pure Buddhi, intellect, shall draw the Sadhak attracted to Soul due to interiorization.  These are the pains of Mind.
Adhyatmika Snagharshana: The Sadhak shall be in and out of Samadhi several number of times. That is he will be coming to Physical Body Consciousness from Spiritual Consciousness due to the influence of  Sanchita KARMA. After several incessant and dedicated attempts his Karma will be burnt., Ego becomes eradicated, the Sadhak shall be liberated from his three conflicts, Body, mind and Soul.
After complete liberation, Paripurna Samadhi, the Yogi can come or leave this Physical world at his will. This is called ICCHHA MRITYU. Even if incarnated, he will be anchored to Parabrahman, God the Father, always.

Abhimanyu:
Abhi sarvatra manute prakasate iti Abhimanyu.
Mahabharat means the great effulgence. The Cosmic Consciousness is a great  effulgence. In order to gain this Cosmic consciousness the  Sadhak has to fight the forces within and without, the forces of virtue and vice, the forces  of positive and negative, is MAHABHARAT.
Abhimanyu—The one who can control oneself in all ways
Abhimanyu means the one who is triumphant over self or the one who conquered himself, the liberated one.
Abhimanyu was entangled in a Delusion like cob’s web called Padmavyooha, a strategic war plan. He was surrounded by evil forces like Duryodhana(Kama, desires), Dussaasan (Krodha, Anger), Karna(Lobha, Greediness), Sakuni(Moha, Delusion), Salya(Mada, Pride), Kritaverma(Maatsarya, Jealousy), Drona(Samskaara, Habits, good or bad) and Jayadradha(Abhinivesa, determination of some purpose, good or bad). The Sadhak, Abhimanyu, with great fortitude of self control could grow beyond the consciousness of Physical, Subtle and Idea body. Then he attained  Samyak Samadhi. Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi together is called Samyak Samadhi. Samyak Samadhi is a Spiritual pinnacle, greatest Spiritual achievement.. After attaining Samyak Samadhi the Sadhak cannot live in this mundane world.  He will merge with Parabrahman. It is called MAHA SAMADHI. Merging with Parabrahman is called the exit of Abhimanyu. 
Dharana—to make the restless mind steady,
Dhyana—to concentrate on God only,
Samadhi—Ecstatic union with God.  
ONAM
Sri Mahavishnu comes in the guise of a dwarf, Vamana Avatar, and requests Emperor of Demons, Bali, to donate three feet/steps of land.  In spite of denial by Shukracharya, the Guru preceptor  of Rakshasas, the Demons, Bali donates three feet of land as promised.
The Vamana, Shree Mahavishnu, magically grows his foot /step infinitely. He keeps first foot/step of infinite measurement covering the whole earth, second foot/step covering the whole Space. HE asks Bali as to where to keep His third foot /step. As desired by Bali Shree Mahavishnu keeps His third foot /step on MahaBali, the Great emperor, and pushes him to Patala, the abiss. Patala is the region underneath the earth. 
VA  means Varishta, the great or steady, MANA means Mind.  Vamana means the steady Mind. For steady mind three feet/steps are required.
Sadhak, the Meditator confronts three steps during his Sadhana. They are 1)Adibhautika, Physical, 2) Adidaivika, Subtle, and 3) Adhyatmika, Spiritual.
1)Adibhautika, Physical: —Bodily pains etc.,
2) Adidaivika, Subtle: — Mind related problems like thoughts, sub thoughts etc.,
3) Adhyatmika, Spiritual: — Sadhana related problems like Sleep, lazyness etc.
These are called Mala, Aavarana and Vikshepana Doshas, faults.  Sadhak, Kriyayogi, seeing unity with Parabrahman, shall be cautious about these things. To make mind steady one has to annihilate these three faulty steps. One should pray God to make his Sadhana a success by keeping these three falts away from him.   Everything is God and so everything is under His control.  God is tangible and also intangible. So He Himself will come in some Avatar, form, and helps the ardent Meditator in his Sadhana by asking him to part with these three faults. 
Sadhak shall find the his own replica in a miniature form measuring upto his thumb in Kootastha, the space between the eye brows on the forehead during the intensity of Sadhana. This miniature form is Vamana. 
Bali means to do away  the wants with dispassion.  
Chakra means thought Circles. Varti means business/ profession. Chakravarti means the mind professed with wants and thought circles. Bali Chakravarti means to do away the mind professed by wants and thought circle with dispassion.. 
Sukracharya means the follower of Ego. It is the source of  Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Matsarya. Sacrificing these is BALI. The Sadhak has to grow beyond these vices in him. To keep them within ourselves without following them is pushing them into the Abiss, Patala. Patala is not anywhere else. It is in us only.  To grow beyond these sense wants with dispassion is what is required. 

Asmaakam thu visishtaaye taanibodhadwijottama
Naayakaamamasainyasya sangnaartham thaan braveemithe 7
Oh, learned one, now I will tell you about the great warriors in our Army for your rememberance.
Now Duryodhan, embodiment of desires, is narrating about the negative forces in his Army.  This is nothing but the conflict of mental forces within the Sadhaka himself.

Bhavaan Bheeshmascha Karnascha krupascha samitinjayaha
Aswathama Vikarnascha Saumidattastadaivacha            8
Anyecha bahavassooraamadarthetyaktajeevitaah
Naanaasaastra praharanaassrveyuddha visaaradaah        9
Yourself, Bheeshma, Karna, Kripaachaarya,the one who is well versed and always victorious in warfare, Aswathaama, Bhoorisrava, and several others who are ready to shed their lives for my sake, are all great abled warriors having worn different weapons useful in warfare.  
The Army of Duryodhana consists of:
Drona—habits, good or habits, Asmita,   Bheeshma—ego, Asmita,  Karna—attachment,Raaga, Kripaachaarya—Ignorance, Avidya, Vikarna—Dwesha, repulsion, Jayadratha—body bound inclination, Abhinivesa,   Saumadatta or Bhurisrava, Son of Somadatta, —good, bad, and mixture of Good and Bad material actions,  Karma,   Aahwatthama—hidden desires, Aasaya,
Duryodhana—king of desires, Kama,  Dussaasana—Anger, Krodha,  Karna and Vikarna —Greediness, Lobha,  Sakuni—Delusion, Moha,  Salya—Pride, Mada,  and Kritaverma—Jealousy, Maatsarya.
Aparyaaptam tadasmaakam balam Bheeshmaabhirakshitam
Paryaaptam twidameteshaam balam Bheemabhirakshitam 
                                                                                           10
Our unlimited Army having such great warriors is being protected by Bheeshma.  Limited Pandava Army is being protected by Bheema                   
Kauravas, Physical sense wants are unlimited, is being protected by Bheeshma, Ego. The sense slavery and egoism  shall make the man restless due to unlimited wants and hence his Life force also will be unsteady, Chanachal, and not under his control.
Pandavas, impregnated with Truth(Satyam) and Righteousness, Dharma, is naturally a limited one   that is protected by Bheema, Life force control. Man of Dharma and Truth is egoless and not a sense slave. His wants are limited and so shall have  life force under his control. 
Truth is eternal. It is like a fire. Untruth is like a dried grass. Any amount of dried grass cannot cover the fire, the Truth. It has to burn. 
The Army under the protection of uncontrolled life force, Bheeshma, the Ego, cannot defeat or subjugate the Army under the protection of controlled life force, Bheema, aspiring to unite with Parabrahman, 
Ayaneshu cha sarveshu yathaa bhaagaamavasthtaah
Bheeshmamevaabhirakshantu Bhavantassrvaevahi         11
All of you, be in your planned war strategies, and protect Bheeshma from your assigned places. 
Duryodhana, the king desire,Kama, king of evil forces, is always afraid of  Spiritual forces of Virtue. So he always call his evil forces to protect  his Ego. If ego is annihilated the goal to reach God will be smooth and easier. Here Duryodhan is calling all his forces to protect Bheeshma, the Ego. 
Only Bheema, the Life force control, is alone sufficient to protect  Pandavas, the Devine forces of virtue in the Sadhak. That is the strength of Life force control. All other evil forces will have no effect before Life force control.
Tasyasamjanayan harsham kuruvruddhah pitaamahah
Simhanaadam vinadyochhai sankham dadhmou prataapvan
                                                                                            12
Oldest and powerful amongst the Kurus, Bheeshma blew his Conch Shell resounding like a roar of lion to cheer Duryodhan.                 
Bheeshma is the oldest in Kurus next to Bahlika.
When a man is sick or restless with sense pleasures, his breath will be faster. Likewise to cause cheerfulness to Duryodhan, the embodiment of sense wants/pleasures, Bheeshma, the Ego, blowing his Conch shell created cascaded sounds. That is due to Ego in him his breath became faster.  
Tatah sankhaascha bheryascha panavaanakgomukhaah
Sahasaivaabhyahanyanta sa sabdastumulobhavat      13
Then after Bheeshma blowing his Conch shell, the rest  of the warriors in Kaurava Army also blew their Conch shells, kettledrums, cymbals, tabors, and trumpets creating ruckus.
During intense meditation, Sadhak, the Meditator, shall here the sounds of physical  and subtle sense organs. They will be heard aloud by the Sadhak awe stuck.  They are the sounds given above.   
 Four things will play a great part in Sadhana.  They are:
Mind, Breath, Sperm and Life force.    
There are 72,000 subtle nadis exist in human body.


01


Amongst them three subtle nadis, Ida, Pingala and Sushumna are very important.
Ida subtle nadi exists on the left side of Spinal cord, Pingala on the right side of Spinal cord and in the middle of Spinal cord Sushumna subtle nadi exists. These three nadis travel upto Kootastha, the space between the two eye brows, together from Moolaadhara chakra underneath the anus. Ida and Pingala halt at Kootastha. Sushumna proceeds further upto Sahasrara chakra underneath the Brahmarandhra in the middle top of the head.
The Kundalinee, illusion, the individualized Maya,  delusion, is called Draupadi. Kundalinee, the outgoing life force, is like a snake. Its tail is in the upper chakras and hood is near the Mooladhara chakra. When man does not do any kriyayoga sadhana then it is in sleepinf state and hence called Sleeping Kundalinee. It is awakened with the Sadhana. The Tamed or awakened Kundalinee is sent through middle Sushumna subtle nadi. This is then travel through Mooladhara, Swadhistaana, Manipura, Anahata, Visuddha, Agna negative & Posite  and then reach Brahmarandhra through Sahasrara.         
Mooladhara, Swadhistaana and Manipura Chakras are called Mundane Chakras. This field is called Kurukshetra. Man confined to this field does not do any good, spitual Sadhana and always self centered. This field is also called Brahma Granthi, a knot.
Manipura, Anahata and Visuddha, Chakras are called Mundane—Spiritual Chakras. This field is called Kurukshetra—Dharmakshetra. Man confined to this field does have mixed mundane and  spiritual feelings. Even though  self centered he does think about spiritual Sadhana.  This field is also called Rudra Granthi, a second  knot.
Visuddha, Agna negative & Posite  and  Sahasrara.Chakras are called Spiritual or Devine Chakras. This field is called Dharmakshetra. Man confined to this field does only good, Spiritual Sadhana and always God centered. This field is also called Vishnu Granthi, a third and last  knot.
The  conflicts of subtle  positive and negative forces in regard to Sadhana is called the Great war of Mahabharat.
The crossing of  Mooladhara, Swadhistaana, Manipura, Anahata and  Visuddha by Kundalinee force, is called marrying five husbands by Draupadi.
Tatah  swetairhayairyukte mahatisyandane sthitau
Maadhavah Paandavaaschaiva divyau shankhau pradadhmatuh   
                                                                           14
After that , Sri Krishna and Arjuna seated in their great chariot with its yoke of white horses, splendidly blew their celestial conch shells.
Horses represent Senses. White indicates purity. The one who does great Sadhana with pure senses is always considered to be great. Body is the replica of Chariot. Srikrishna represents pure intellect, Suddha Buddhi.  Arjuna represents the good Sadhak, the meditator. Buddhi and the good meditator both blew their Conch shells indicate the shedding of  impurities.  Conch shell represents Ego, Ahamkaar. Blowing the Conch shell represents the Sadhak has done Rechak, breath out with force.   
Maa represents Earth, Dhava represents Husband, Madhava means the husband of Earth that is shreekrishna Consciousness or the God in Creation.      
Paanchajanyam Hrisheekeso Devadattam Dhannjayah
Paundram dadhmou Sankham Bheemekarmaa vrikodarah 15
Anantavijayam Rajaa kunteeputro Yudhishtirah
Nakulassahadevashcha sughoshaManipushpakaou     16
Kaasyascha Parameswaasassikhandeecha Mahaarathah
Dhrishtadyumno Viraatascha Saatyakischaaparaajitah  17
Drupadodraupadeyaascha sarvasah Prithiveepate
Saoubhadrascha Mahaabaahu sankhaan dadhmuh prithak prithak                                                              18

Srikrishna blew Paanchajanya, Arjuna blew Devadatta, Bheema who does ferocious works blew the great Sankha, Conch Shell, Poundra. Yudhistira blew Anantavijaya, Nakula blew Sughosha, Sahadeva blew Manipushpak. The wearer of great Bow, Dhanush, Kaasiraj, Maharathi Sikhandi, Drishtadyumna, Viraat, always victorious Satyaki, Drupada, Upapaandavaas, sons of Draupadi, Abhimanyu who had the great shoulders, and all other warriors in the Pandava Army also respectively  blew their Conch shells separately.
Sikhandi is a Napumsak, neither male nor female. Sikhandi represents  neutrality. Ego, Bheeshma, cannot have any role against neutrality, Sikhandi. .    
Each and Every Chakra has got colour, rays, taste and sound. Sadhak hears during his sadhana are the sounds of the conflicts between the positive and negative forces. They are these sounds of Conch shells. Positive forces shall aid meditation. Negative forces oppose the meditation.  
Parabrahman and Paramatma is one and the same. Brahmam pervaded through Ignorance. Its result is Creation. If the Brahmam is supposed as four parts then one part is Jagat, creation, having Name and Configuration. This ia called Vyakta Brahmam or vyaakrita Brahmam. This is visible to the senses. This is God in Creation.            
The remaining three parts of the Brahmam is Avyakta Brahmam, Nirakara or Avyaakrita Brahmam. This is not visible to the senses. This is beyond Creation.  This is Sat, Chit and Anand. This is Omnipotent, Omnipresent and Omniscient. This is truth, goodness and beauty.   
 Ateetam: Suppose you sat in a room. The room is in you as well as beyond you. This is called Ateetam. But you cannot be beyond room. Likewise God is in you and beyond you.  An electronic gadget requires Electrical energy to make it work. Likewise our body requires Cosmic Energy to become conscious.
Hydrogen and oxygen are not visible to the naked eye. These two invisible airs combine together to become visible water. Sun is having effulgence which is inherent. Likewise this inert Creation, born out of ignorance is called MAYA. Ma not true, Ya means true.    Maya is inherent of Parabrahman, the  Cosmic Energy.  The very basis or its existence is due to Parabrahman.
The Yogi who has fully recognized Parabrahman in everything cannot find Maya. Likewise man imbued with Maya cannot recognize all pervasive Paramatman.
Inert Maya, Ignorance, is the  cause of Creation but not the steady Brahmam. This Maya is called Yogamaya.
Yogamaya consisting of Satwa, positive, Rajo, Neutral, and Tamo, negative, Gunas, qualities, is called Chit Sakti, Mahamaya, or Moolaprakriti, the root cause of creation.
Kaarana srishti, Idea Creation: Ignorance, Avidya, became creative with the presence of Cosmic Consciousness. From Ignorance, Avidya, impregnated with Cosmic Consciousness, first Space(Sound), Akaas(Sabda), existed. Air(Touch), Vayu(Sparsh), came out of space. From Vayu came out Fire (Configuration), Agni(Roop). Water(Taste), Varuna (Rasa), came out from Agni. Lastly Earth(Smell), Prithvi(Gandha), came out of Varuna. These are called five electricities, Panchabhootaas. They are not having their own consciousness.
The iron nails will not have its own magnetism. They get magnetized due to the presence of a Natural magnet.  Likewise the cosmic consciousness gradually entered into Akasa(Space), Air(Vaayu), Fire(Agni), Water(Varuna) and Earth(Prithvi). These With the presence of Cosmic Consciousness become active and conscious.  These electricities are by themselves insentient but with the presence of Parabrahmam they become sentient.
Sound(Sabda), Touch(Sparsh), Configuration(Roopa), Taste(Rupi) and Smell(Gandha), five attributes, are called Pancha Tanmatras. Omkaar is the first and foremost Sound that came out of Ignorance or Primordial nature, Moola prakriti,
This whole Jagat, Creation, borne out of OMKAR. These subtle Panchamahabhootas shall have Satwa(Positive), Rajo(Neutral) and Tamo(Negative) Gunas, qualities. The Ignorance with three Gunas is called primordial ignorance, Moola Agnaanam,  Karana Srishti, Idea creation.
The idea body/creation is  is called Apancheekrita or  unttreated.vibratory electricities and is called Mahat.   
In half of untreated Samishti Satwa Guna Sookshma Pancha Mahabhootaas (Macro Positive predominant Subtle Five Electricities) Pancha Gnaanedriyas(Five Sense organs) gradually manifested.  That means Srotram(Ear) from Space(Akasa), Touch(Skin) from Air(Vayu), Chakshu(eye) from Fire(Agni), taste(tongue) from Water(Varuna), and Smell(Gandha) from Earth(Prithvi) manifested.  These Ears, Skin, Eyes, Tongue and Nose are not Physical organs. They are the powers only. 
From the rest of untreated Macro Positive (Satwa) five Electricities  Antahkarana manifested.
In half of untreated Macro Positive (Satwa) Akasha (Space) Paramatma Himself entered. 
In half of untreated Macro Positive (Satwa) Vayu(Air) Manas(Mind) manifested.               
In half of untreated Macro Positive (Satwa) Agni(Fire) determinating Intellect (Nischayaatmaka Buddhi) manifested.               
In half of untreated Macro Positive (Satwa) Varuna(Water) wavering Mind (Manas) manifested.
In half of untreated Macro Positive (Satwa) Prithvi(Earth),  Ego(Ahamkaar) with I-ness manifested.
In half of untreated Macro Neutral (Rajas) Subtle Five Electricities) Pancha Karmendriyas(Five Action organs) gradually manifested.
n half of untreated Macro Neutral (Rajas) Akasha (Space) Speaking power(Vaak) i.e., Mouth manifested.
n half of untreated Macro Neutral (Rajas) Vayu(Air) skilled working power(kriyasakti) i.e., hands(paani) manifested.
n half of untreated Macro Neutral (Rajas) Agni(Fire) walking power (Gamanasakti) i.e., feet(Paadam) manifested.
n half of untreated Macro Neutral (Rajas) Varuna(Water) Eliminating Power (visarjanasakti) i.e., Paayuvu(Anus) manifested.
n half of untreated Macro Neutral (Rajas) Prithvi(Earth) Enjoying Power(Ananda Sakti) i.e., Phallus(Lingam)  manifested.
From the rest half of unreated subtle Rajo Guna(Neutral) Macro Pancha Mahabhootas (Five Electricities), Mukhyaprana(prime Chief Life force) manifested. This chief life force is devided gradually into Five Pranas(Pancha Pranas) because of the works it does.
From untreated (Apancheekrita) Macro(Samishti) neutral subtle Akasha, Prana Vayu(location—Heart) manifested.
From untreated (Apancheekrita) Macro(Samishti) neutral subtle Vayu, Apana Vayu(location—Anus) manifested. 
From untreated (Apancheekrita) Macro(Samishti) neutral subtle Agni, Vyana Vayu(location—Whole body, Sarva Shareera) manifested. 
From untreated (Apancheekrita) Macro(Samishti) neutral subtle Varuna, Udana Vayu(location—Gullet, Kantha) manifested. 
From untreated (Apancheekrita) Macro(Samishti) neutral subtle Prithvi, Samana Vayu(location—Navel, Nabhi) manifested.
For Subtle Creation, there will be reigning deities. To understand them the following table is given:      

                                 Parabrahman
    Srikrishna Consciousness (God in Parabrahman)

                        Ignorance (Avidya)          
Satwa(Positive)           
Rajo(Neutral)
Tamo(Negative)  

                   Karana Srishti(Idea Creation)
Akaas
(Space)
 Sound   
(Sabda)
Vayu
(Air)
Touch
(Sparsha )
   Agni
   (Fire)
Configuration)
   ( Roopa)
       
 Varuna
 (Water)
  Taste      (Ruchi)
  Prithvi
  (Earth)
  Smell (Gandha)

Ignorance(Avidya) with its three qualities, Satwa, Rajo and Tamo, and Akasa,Vayu, Agni, Varuna & Prithvi, together is called Karana Srishti, Idea Creation.
From half of untreated Positive predominant five electricities, Antahkarana is manifested. From the remaining Positive predominant five electricities Sense organs manifested. These are not Physical organs. They are powers only.
½of  Positive                                   ½ of Positive
Satwaguna,                                      Satwaguna
5Electricities,                                   5Electricities,
PanchaMahabhootas                  PanchaMahabhootas
Antahkarana
Reigning deity
(Adhidevata)

Sense organs
(Gnanendriyas)
Reigning deity
(Adhidevata)
½ Space, Akasa.
(Cosmic Consciousness)

Parabrahman
½ Space

 Ear(Srotram) 
Sides
(Dik)
½ Air, Vayu.
(wavering ind) 
Moon (Chandra)
½ Air, Vayu

 Skin, Twak
Sparshana
½ Fire, Agni.
(Determinating Intellect, Buddhi)
Brihaspati
½ Fire, Agni

Eyes, Chakshu
Sun, Surya.
½Water, Varuna
(Wavering Mind, Manas)
Rudra
½Water, Varuna
Tongue, Jihva
Varuna
½ Earth, Prithvi
(Ego, Ahamkaar)

Jeeva
½ Earth, Prithvi
Nose, Ghraana
Aswini Devatas
 
From half of untreated Neutral(RajoGuna) predominant five electricities, Sense organs are manifested. These are not Physical organs. They are powers only. From the remaining Neutral(RajoGuna) predominant five electricities Pancha Pranas manifested.
½ of Neutral(RajoGuna)            ½ of Neutral(RajoGuna)
   5 Electricities,                                                                                        5 Electricities,
PanchaMahabhootas                                                         PanchaMahabhootas
Electricity, Mahabhoota
Action Organ, Karmendriya
Reigning Deity, Adhidevata

5 Pranas (Location)
Reigning Deity, Adhidevata
½ Space, Akasha
Talking power, Mouth 
Fire, Agni
½ Space, Akasha
Prana (Heart)
Visista
½ Air, Vayu
Kriya shakti, Paani (Hands)
Indra
½ Air, Vayu
Apana (Anaus)
Viswakarma
½  Fire, Agni
Walking power, Paadam (Feet)
Upendra
½  Fire, Agni
Vyana (All over the body, Sarva Shareer)
Viswayoni
½ Water, Varuna
Elimination power, (Anus)
Mrityu
½ Water, Varuna
Udaana (Gullet)
Aja
½ Earth, Prithvi
Enjoying Power, Ananda Shakti, (Phallus)
Prajapati
½ Earth, Prithvi
Samana (Naabhi)
Jaya

Subtle creation consists of 19 elements, Tatwas. They are 5 Sense Organs, Five Organs of Action, 5 Pranas, 4 Antahkaran.  This Subtle creation is not visible to the Naked eye.

5 Sense Organs
Five Organs of Action
5 Pranas
4 Antahkaran
Total 19 Elements.



Physical Creation or Pancheekaran:
The five Pancha Tanmatras combined in different proportions lead to Physical Creation, Sthoola Srishti. Half of the untreated Macro negative Electricities  gradually combines with 1/8 of the rest of the Mahabhootas to become physical Electricities, Panchamahabhootas. Please see the table given below:
            
Space, Akaasha
Air, Vayu
Fire, Agni
Water, Varuna
Earth, Prithvi
Panchakam
½
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
Space, Akaasa
1/8
½
1/8
1/8
1/8
Air, Vayu
1/8
1/8
½
1/8
1/8
Fire, Agni
1/8
1/8
1/8
½
1/8
Water, Varuna
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
½
Earth, Prithvi

The treated five electricities, Space, Air, Fire, Water and Earth, are called as such henceforth.
The Positively predominant Subtle five Electricities is manifested from Primordial Ignorance, Avidya, Moola Prakriti, with three qualities i.e., Gunas, Satwa (positive), Rajo(Neutral) & Tamo(Negative).  These Positively predominant five electricities were each having only one attribute respectively.. That is Positively predominant  Akasha(Space) had Sabda(Sound), Vayu(Air) had Sparsha(Touch), Agni(Fire) had Roopa(Configuration), Varuna(Water) had Rasa(Taste) and Prithvi(Earth) had Gandha(Smell). These Sabda, Sparsha, Roopa, Rasa and Gandha are called Tanmatras(Powers) but not fleshy organs that are visible to naked eye. 
This Physical creation, Sthoola Sreishti, is not like this. Physical Akasha had Sabda,
Vayu had Sabda and Sparsha,
Agni had Sabda , Sparsha and Roopa,
Varuna had Sabda , Sparsha,  Roopa and Rasa,
Prithvi had Sabda , Sparsha,  Roopa, Rasa and Gandha.
Akasha=Space, Vayu=Air, Agni=Fire,
Varuna/ Jalam=Water and Prithvi=Earth.
Sabda=Sound, Sparsh=Touch, Roop=Configuration, Rasa= Taste,  and Gandha= Smell.
Sthoola/Bhautika=Physical, Sookshma=Subtle, Karana=Idea.    Chaitanyam= Consciousness
From these Five Physical  Electricities, the following manifested:
Jarayu= Animals with four legs,
Andajam= the beings that come out of eggs like birds, and  crawling creatures like snakes etc., 
Swedajam= mosquitoes, worms etc and
Udbhijam= trees and plants that cannot move and confined to a fixed place.
The physical antahkarana consisting of Mano(Mind), Buddhi(Intellect), Chitta and Ahamkaara (Ego) is manifested from Physical Five Electricities called Akasha Panchakam. Akasha menans Space, Pancha or Panchakam means Five. 
Sthoola(Physical) Pancha Pranas from Sthoola Vayu(Air) Panchakam, Sthoola Pancha Gnanendriyas (Five Physical Sense organs) from Sthoola Agni Panchakam, Sthoola Pancha Tanmatras(Five Physical Powers) from  Sthoola Jalapanchakam and last but not the least sthoola Pancha Karmendriyas(Five Physical organs of action) are manifested.
Paramatma   or Cosmic Consciousness entered itself into half of Sthoola Akasha(Space).  Nothing is self effulgent. They effulge due to the presence of Cosmic Consciousness.
In the remaining half of Sthoola Akasha(Space) (1) Samishti Sthoola Ahamkaar(Macro Physical ego), samishti Sthoola Chittam(Macro Physical feeling), Samishti Sthoola Buddhi(Macro Physical determinating Intellect) and Samishti Sthoola Manas(Macro Physical wavering Mind with attractions and repulsions) were manifested. See the table given below which is self explanatory.
  
½  Samisti Sthoola Akasha (Macro Physical Space)  Antah karana = Cosmic  consciousness(Paramatma Chaitanya)
1/8 Physical Space(Sthoola Akasha)+1/8 Physical Earth (Sthoola Prithvi) = Physical Macro Ego(Sthoola Samishti Ahamkaar)
1/8 Physical Akasha +1/8 Water(Sthoola Varuna) = Sthoola(Physical Macro ) Samishti Chitta(feeling)
1/8 Physical Akasha +1/8 Sthoola Agni(Physical Fire) = Physical Macro Intellect( Sthoola Samishti Buddhi)
 1/8 Physical Akasha +1/8 Physical Air(Sthoola Vayu) = Physical Macro Mind(Sthoola Samishti Manas)


Physical Airs(5 Pranas):
Half of Samisti Sthoola Vayu(Macro Physical Air) is manifested as Samishti(Macro) Vyanavayu.
 In the remaining half Sthoola Vayu(Physical Air) the rest of the Samishti(Macro) Physical airs, Sthoola Samishti Samana, Udana, Apana and Prana , manifested. Vyana is the catalyst for Prana and Apana Vayu to make them flow wherever required. See the table given below which is self explanatory. 
½ Samishti Sthoola Vayu(Macro Physical Air) = Samishti Sthoola (Macro Physical) VyanaVayu      
1/8 Sthoola Vayu +1/8 Sthoola Akasha = Samishti Sthoola (Macro Physical) Samana Vayu
1/8 Sthoola Vayu +1/8 Sthoola Agni = Samishti Sthoola(Macro Physical) Udana
1/8 Sthoola Vayu +1/8 Sthoola Varuna=  Samishti Sthoola(Macro Physical) Prana
1/8 Sthoola Vayu +1/8 Sthoola Prithvi = Samishti Sthoola (Macro Physical) Apana

Physical Gnaanendrias(5 sense organs)::
Half of Samisti Sthoola Agni(Macro Physical Fire) is manifested as Eye(Seeing power/Optical).
 In the remaining half Samisti Sthoola Agni(Macro Physical Fire) the rest of the Physical Sense organs, Samishti Srotra(Macro Hearing Power/Auditory), Twak (Macro Power of touch/Tactual), Samishti Rasa (Power of Touch/Tactual) and Samishti Ghrana (Macro Smelling/ Olfactory Power) manifested.   See the table given below which is self explanatory.  
½ Sthoola(Macro Physical) Agni(Fire)= Samishti Sthoola Netramu(Macro PhysicalEye)
1/8 Sthoola Agni +1/8 Sthoola Akaash(Space) = Sthoola Samishti Sravanam(Macro Physical Ear)
1/8 Sthoola Agni +1/8 Sthoola Vayu(Air) = Sthoola Samishti Charmam(Macro Physical Skin)
1/8 Sthoola Agni +1/8 Sthoola Varuna(Wter) = Sthoola Samishti Jihva(Macro Physical Tongue)
 1/8 Sthoola Agni +1/8 Sthoola Prithvi(Earth) = Sthoola Samishti Ghramnam(Macro Physical Nose)

Physical 5 Tanmatras:
Half of Samishti Sthoola Varuna(Macro Physical Water) is manifested as Samishti Rasa(Power of Macro Taste/Gustatory).
 In the remaining half Samishti Sthoola Varuna(Macro Physical Water) the rest of the Samishti Sthoola Tanmatras(Macro Physical Powers) viz., Samishti Sthoola Sabda (Macro Physical Sound ), Samishti Sthoola Sparsha (Macro Physical Touch), Samishti Sthoola Roopa(Macro Physical Seeing) and Samishti Sthoola Gandha (Macro Physical Smell)manifested.   See the table given below which is self explanatory.  

½ Samishti Sthoola Varuna(Physical Water)= Samishti Sthoola Rasa Tatwa(Macro Physical)
1/8 Sthoola Varuna +1/8 Sthoola Akasha = Samishti Sthoola Sabda (Macro Physical Sound--ear )   
1/8 Sthoola Varuna +1/8 Sthoola Vayu = Samishti Sthoola Sparsha (Macro Physical Touch--skin)   
1/8 Sthoola Varuna +1/8 Sthoola Agni = Samishti Sthoola Roopa(Macro Physical Seeing--eye)  
1/8 Sthoola Varuna +1/8 Sthoola Prithvi = Samishti Sthoola Gandha (Macro Physical Smell—nose)   

5 Karmendriyas (Organs of Action:
Half of Samishti Sthoola Prithvi(Macro Physical Earth) is manifested as Sthoola Samishti Paayu(Macro Physical Anus/Excrete).
 In the remaining half Samishti Sthoola Prithvi(Macro Physical Earth) the rest of the Karmendriyas, Organs of Action, viz., Sthoola Samishti Macro Physical Mouth (Vaakk /Talk), Sthoola Samishti Paani(Macro Physical Hands/Exercise Manual skill or Kriyasakti), Sthoola Samishti Paadam(Macro Physical Feet/Walk or gamanasakti) and Sthoola Samishti Upastha/Sishnam (Macro Physical Phallus /Procreate or Ananda sakti), manifested.    See the table given below which is self explanatory.  

½ Samisti Sthoola Prithvi(Macro Physical Earth)= Sthoola Samishti Paayu(Macro Physical Anus/Excrete)
1/8 Sthoola Prithvi +1/8 Sthoola Aakash= Sthoola Samishti Macro Physical Mouth/talk (Vaakk)
1/8 Sthoola Prithvi +1/8 SthoolaVayu = Sthoola Samishti Paani. (Macro Physical Hands/Exercise Manual skill)
1/8 Sthoola Prithvi +1/8 Sthoola Agni = Sthoola Samishti Paadam(Macro Physical Feet/walk)
 1/8 Sthoola Prithvi +1/8 Sthoola Varuna =Sthoola Samishti Upastha/Sishnam(Macro Physical Phallus /Procreate or Anandasakti)

The Physical Creation consists of 24 Elements/ tatwas. They are 5 Sense organs(Gnanendriyas), 5 organs of Action, (Karmendriyas), 5 Pranas, 5 Tanmatras(Powers) and 4 Antahkaran(Manas/Mind, Buddhi/Intellect, Chitta/Feeling and Ahamkaara/Ego) 
5 Sense organs
(Gnanendriyas)
5 organs of Action, (Karmendriyas)
5 Pranas
5 Tanmatras
(Powers)
4 Antahkaran(Manas/Mind, Buddhi/Intellect, Chitta /Feeling and Ahamkaara/Ego)
Total 24 elememts.

Five Pranas and five Subtle vibratory Electricities/ Sookshma Mahabhootas, inform all matter in Solids, Liquids, fiery, gaseous and etheric form.
Saghoshaa Dhartarashtranaam hridayaani vyadaarayat
Nabhashcha Prithiveemchaiva tumulovyanunaadayan
                                                                                      19
The tremendous conch shell sounds of  the warriors of Pandava Army has reverbated the Earth and the Heaven pierced the hearts of the Dhritarashtra clan.
 The devine Sound of Manipushpak conch shell of Sahadeva coming out of Moolaadhara Chakra, the devine flute sound of  Nakula’s Sughosha coming out of Swadhistaana, the devine Veena sound of  Arjuna’s Devadatta coming out of Manipuraa, the devine Temple bell sound of  Bhima’s Poundra coming out of Anahata, the devine stream water sound of  Yudhishtira’s Anantavijayam coming out of Visuddha, the devine OHM sound of  Srikrishna’s Paanchajanyam coming out of Agna, has frightened Duryodhan, the king of physical sense desires, and his Kaurava Army.  However big a pumpkin may be it can be easily cut by a small knife. Likewise the commander of  army of  negative forces is afraid of  positive forces of Sadhak.
Atha vyavasthitaan drishtwaa
dhaartaraaShtraan kapidhwajah 
pravrutte shastrasampaate
dhanurudyama paandava                          20
HriSheekesham tadaavaakya midamaaha maheepate
Arjuna uvaacha:--
Senayorubhayormadhye Ratham sthaapaya mechyuta 21
Yaavadetaannireeksheham yoddhukaamaanavasthitaan
Kairmayosahayooddhavyam  asmin ranasamudyame   22
Yotsyamaanaveksheham ya etetra samaagataah
DhaartaraashtrasyaDurbuddheryuddhePriyachikeershavah 23
 Oh! King Dhritarashtra, then while the warfare was about to start in the war field, Kurukshetra, Arjuna, he whose flag bears the Monkey Emblem, lifted his bow and spoke to SriKrishna as below: —                  
 He SriKrishna, let my chariot be placed at a strategic point in between the two armies, that I may be able to see properly the warriors with whom I have to fight.
I wanted to observe the warriors who have gathered here with a desire to fight for Duryodhana, the king of Physical sense desire. 
The Consciousness/Energy that comes out of Parabrahman is termed as SriKrishna Consciousness or the God in Creation.
The God in Creation has devided itself into six types of Consciousness. See the figure below:  
Organization Chart


These six consciousnesses and SriKrishna Consciousness totaling seven  consciousnesses are not to be seen with ordinary eye.  These are visible to only enlightened yogi.
If an object is to be seen then the sun rays are to fall on that obect and then to be get reflected.  This is Abhasachaitanya or reflected ego. If the ego is not reflected out and contained within to see the God within then it will lose its sheen and it will lose its negative traits fully. The eighth reflected ego i.e., the one that one expressed by manifestation of senses outwardly is  only visible to the naked eyes. This reflected ego is impregnated with negative traits fully i.e., TamoGuna.
The visible and reflected water is one of the treated and tainted Pancha Mahabhootas. This water is the replica of Ganga. Bheeshma represents Abhasa chaitanya or reflected Ego.
Ganga throws seven sons into the river. These.seven sons are the the seven consciousnesses that are not visible to the naked eye.
 Man is having 72,000 subtle nadis.
 Three nadis, Ida, Pingala & Sushumna nadis, are very important amongst these 72,000 subtle nadis. Ida exists on the left side of  Merudanda, Spinal Cord. Pingala Subtle nadi exists on the right side of Merudanda. Sushumna exists in the middle of Merudanda. All these Subtle nadis exist in the Merudanda.
These Ida, Pingala & Sushumna subtle nadis travel together from Mooladhara nearer to the Anus, and upto Kootastha in the middle of the eyebrows on the forehead. Here Ida and Pingala both will halt. Only Sushumna travels alone upto Sahasrara Chakra underneath the Brahma Randhra in the Centre top of the head.
In the Physical  Merudanda, Spinal cord, there exists Sushumna. In side Sushumna exists Vajra. In side Vajra Chitra exists. 
Some more subtle nadis are given below:

Poosha
On both the sides of ear holes.
Gandhari, Hastijihva
On both the sides of eye holes
Saraswati
At the end of the tongue
Cinevaali
In the peeing hole of Phallus


Kapidhwaja:
The Flag emblem of Arjun is Monkey, Hanuman.
Kapi means Mind, Manas, in Sanskrit. Mind exists in the Head. So Dhwajam, Flag, is the replica of Merudanda, the Spinal cord. Mind dwells on the top of Spinal cord.. the Sadhak should steady the mind which lies on the top of the flag.    
The sadhak should apply monkey face that means he should apply Khechari Mudra as instructed by Guru and then shall do Kriyayogadhyana. While doing Kriya the Sadhak shall rotate the life force from Mooladhara to Agna Positive Chakra in Kootastha, the place between the Eye brows through the Spinal Cord, the Merudanda, So doing he will magetize the Spinal cord. . this is what is the meaning of Kapidhwaja.
Sanjay uvaacha
Evamuktwaa Hrisheekesah gudaakesena Bharata
Senayorubhayormadhye sthaapayitwaa rathottamam  24
BheeshmaDrona pramukhatah
sarveshaancha maheekshitaam
uvaacha partha pashyaitaan
samaavetaan kurooniti                                    25
Sanjaya said:
Oh, King Dhritarashtra, having said by Arjuna, Krishna has incorporated that Great Chariot in the middle of the two armies juxtaposed to Bheeshma, Drona and all the kings and said: Oh, Arjuna, behold these Kauravas gathered here. 
Gudakesa:  A very cautious Sadhak who is victorious over TamoGun, Negative quality. 
Hrisheekesa means Manas, the king of Indriyas, the senses.
The Spinal Cord should be straight and erect without any dent. The Sadhak should make intensive efforts to steady the mind.  The sadhak should fly his Flag viz., self control.  Kapi i.e., apply Khecharee Mudra before contemplating for Meditation. The spinal cord is Dhwajam. The gaze is to be fixed on the Chakras lest the unwanted thoughts will engulf the thoughts and drag the sadhak to the senses.
When the gaze is fixed in Kootastha then only the Sadhak will be able to annihilate Bheeshma the Ego, Drona the Habits, and the rest of the devilish qualities of Kauravas within him by controlling  his mind.
Sadhak has to break three Grandhis, Brahma, Rudra & Vishnu.
The First Granthi Brahma Granthi extends from Mooladhara to Manipura in Kurukshetra region of the Spinal Cord.  This Granthi pertains to Human consciousness. It entangles only in Physical sense pleasures  as such it will cause some physical impediment or the other to the Meditator during his Meditation and shall not allow his Sadhana to continue. Since the inception of the Physical problems exist as such we chant ‘’ADI BHAUTIKA SHANTI’’. For Adibhaitika Shanti Right Posture is required.
The second Granthi i.e., Rudra Grsnthi extends from top of the Manipura to Visuddha Chakra in Krukshetra—Dharmakshetra region of the Spinal Cord.. This Granthi leads the mind to thoughts and shall not allow the Sadhak to continue his Sadhana. 
The one that is without physical body (Sthoola sareera) but having Subtle(Sookshma) and dea bodies( Karana) is called  Devi or Devata if it having good qualities, and Devil if it is having bad qualities.  
Mind is also Subtle body. From the time of inception of Mind it is havind thoughts. So these thoughts obstruct Sadhana. That is the reason we say’’ADI BHAUTIKA SHANTI’’. Mental stability is essential for For AdiDaivika Shanti. 
The third & last Granthi is Vishnu Granthi. This extends from top of Visuddha and upto Sahasraa in Dharmakshetra region. When the awakened Kundalini goes further from Visuddha the body will have levitating effect. The Mediatator gets up from Sadhana out of fear.  From the time of inception of  Karana Sareera these obstructions are natural to this body.  That is the reason we say’’ADHYATMIKA SHANTI’’. The grace and kindness of God the almighty is essential for for Adhyatmika Shanti. 
Gudakesa means the Sadhak who is always ready to overcome Maya without  sleepyness &lethargyness. This sort of Body of Sadhaka is called great Chariot. 
Likewise the Sadhaks who have readied  their bodies for good Sadhana are respectively called Atiratha and Maharatha. 

Tatra apasyat sthitaanpaartha
pitroon atha pitaamahaan  
aachaaryaan maatulaan Bhratroon
putraan pautraan sakheemstathaa     26
swasuraan suhridaschaiva
senayorubhayorapi
taansameekshya sa kaunteya
sarvaan bandhhoonavasthitaan       27
kripayaa parayaavishto visheedannidamabraveet
Sanjaya spoke thus:--
Then Arjuna has seen the  fathers, grand fathers, teachers, maternal uncles, brothers, sons, grandsons, friends, fathers-in-law, well wishers, all together.
 Having seen all those relatives fully well, Arjuna with heavy heart and wailing:spoke like thus:
The relatives so gathered there are all the negative and positive forces within the Sadhak.
when man is completely involved in mundane or material affairs and impregnated with sense pleasures then he will not recognize the God behind that intelligence.  This state is called Nakaratmaka sthiti, Negative state.
When man controls his sleep, self control, and overcomes material and Physical pains is the Sakaratmakasthti, Gudakesa sthiti.    
Pritha is sobriquet for Kunti. She is the representative  of  Patience & Peace. Partha is the son of Pritha. Partha means the Sadhak who controls his mind and prepares himself towards spirituality, stock barrel and gun. This is the state of Arjuna.  In this state the Sadhak shall be getting peace & tranquility now and then.
Beejakshara chanting in Chakras and other techniques   the Consciousness of Sadhak shall get concentrated on Chakras. This is the state of beatitude and selfrealization. This is still Duality State, Dwaita Sthiti..  The state in which the sadhak get united with Parabrahman is the last and final state, Adwata Sthiti
Grand parents, Parents, are the replicas for ‘ I ,Mine, Me’. That is they represent Selfishness and Ego.
Virtue and vice both are powerful.  Grand parents and Parents both may be good or bad.
Drupada is the replica of Santi and sahishnuta i.e., peace and patience.
The outgoing force of life energy at he base of spine in the Mooladhara(Coccyx plexu)Chakra is called Kundalini.  The Kundalini serpent force runs down through a circular passage coiled like a snake into the nerves. Only by super psychu-physical methods like Kriya yoga practice of awakening the Mooladhara one can possibly control the sex consciousness wholly by withdrawing this Kundalini force and to flow towards the brain.   This kundalini life force is called Draupadi, the daughter of Drupada. 
The collective delusion is called Maya. The individualized delusion is called illusion or Kundalini. Maya is related to Macro and Kundalini is related to Micro..
Gateway:
The Kundalini passage is called the Gate way of the life force at the base of the spine.  The Kundalini gateway is responsible for flooding the life current from the soul region of the different senses of sight, touch, smell, taste, and hearing including the earth bound physical creative force of sex. 
The sleeping Kundalini:
The life force flowing down from the Medulla oblongata through the spinal centres and especially through the coiled Kundalini gateway at the Mooladhara is called ‘sleeping Kundalini because it serves as the medium to establish communication with and to draw the attention of the ego to the body senses, sex, and the material world.
The Kundalini awakening:the life current while retiring or relaxing from the muscles, heart and sensory motor nerves through the passage in the Mooladhara region and produces a remarkable spiritual and physical sensation  which is called Kundalini awakening.
The sleeping kundalini is to be awakened and shoukd be made to return to Sahasrara Chakra through Kriyayoga Sadhana.
Crossing of Mooladhara(Sahadeva), Swadhisthana (Nakula), Manipura(Arjuna), Anahata (Bheema) and Visuddha(Yudhisthira) by the awakened Kundalini is called Draupadi marrying five husbands. 
This Draupadi is nature. Five Pandavas are Pancha Mahabhutas viz., Akasa, Vayu, Agni, Water and Prithvi.
The Upapandavas, Five sons of Five Pandavas,are the devine powers emanated when the awakened kundalini crosses the Chakras viz., Mooladhara, Swadhishtana, Manipura, Anahata and Visuddha respectively.
The negative powers are related to the Ida Subtle nadi on the left side of Sushumna in the Spinal Cord, and The Positive powers are related to the Pingala Subtle nadi on the right side of Sushumna in the Spinal Cord. The negative powers are Kauravas and Positive powers are Pandavas and their respective armies.
Habits are the Gurus or teachers, that show the path. Habits or Samskaras may be good or bad.
Good and Bad are the offsprings of Habits. Good and Bad are the well wishers and bad wishers. The sons and Grandsons are good and Bad habits are only again.
Arjun said:--
Drishtwemam swajanam Krishna
Yuyutsam Samupasthitam                      28
Seedantimamagaatraani mukham cha parisudhyati
Vepathuscha shareereme romaharshaschajaayate  29
Gaandeevam sramsatehastaat twakchaivaparidahyate
Nachashaknomyavasthaatum bhramateeva cha me manah 30
Arjuna said:--
 Seing these relatives of mine gathered here to fight, my limbs are losing their strength.  My mouth is becoming dry. My bow Gandeevam is slipping out of my hand.  My body is burning. I am not having strength to stand erect. My mind is whirling.
The Sadhak who is intense in his Sadhana is narrating his experiences to his Guru preceptor.
So far these limbs are addicted to physical pleasures and are accustomed to behave whimsically are now made to go inward to do Yoga Sadhana. These lazy limbs are experiencing physical problems to follow self control. With the chanting of OMKAR my mouth has become dry.  Whether I cango forward or not in this Spiritual Kriyayoga Sadhana is what is in my mind now. This mental weakness creeped into my mind now. My bow Gandeevam i.e., my Spinal cord is bending in stead of becoming straight. As such my resolve to have self control and to get out of sense pleasures is defeating. With the lack of steadiness in Meditation my Skin i.e., Mental Consciosness is burning. Here burning means defeating. Oh, Kesava, the killer of negative forces, I am doubtful about my victory over these negative forces that are against my Sadhana. With these worried thoughts my mind is whirling.  .
Nimittanicha pashyaami
vipareetaani Keshavaa
Nacha shreyonupashyaami
hatwaa swajanamaahave        31
O Krishna, I am even seing the bad omens. I am unable to percept the benefit of killing these relatives of mine in this war..
Om kar is like an arrow. The chanting of OM is like the arrow of Srirama called RAMBAAN. This Raambaan is unparallel and the most powerful one. It will not go waste without kill..  Likewise the chanted Om will not be futile. That will definitely kill the negative forces in this universe.
To utlize Swasa, the Breath, as a weapon is called SWASTRA. In usage the Swastra has become gradually came to be known as Sastra.
With the investment of Swasa, Breath, and to get the kingdom of God  is  Varagya. When Sadhak is not getting progress the Sadhak will be worrying. The above narration is  his predicament during this state.
‘In spite of controlling the sense pleasures whether the sadhak will get beatitude or not?’ is the main grouse of Sadhak..  Over and above Physical body pains etc., and mental thought problems that are bothering the sadhak made him to think about the utility of Sadhana. 
This predicament is akin to  a student who is  unable to solve a mathematical equation . Then student will think that mathematics is a useless subject. But with incessant efforts he can overcome the problem.

Nakaankshe vijayam Krishna
Nacha raajyam sukhaanicha
Kim noRaajyena Govinda
Kim bhogairjeevitena vaa               32
Eshaamarthe kaankshitam
noRaajyam bhogasukhaanicha
Ta imevasthtaa yuddhe
praanaamstyaktwaa dhanaanicha                        33
Aachaaryaah pitarah putraah
Stathaiva cha pitaamahaah
Maatulaasswashuraah pautraa
syaalaah sambandhinastathaa                               34

Oh Krishna, I don’t want kingdom, victory or happiness.  What is the usefulness of such Kingdom, pleasures or or even the continuance of life?
 O Govinda(he who presides over and is in control of the ‘’çows’ of senses)?  The very ones for whose sake we desire empire, enjoyment, pleasure, remain poised here for battle, ready to relinquish wealth and life—preceptors, fathers, sons, grandfathers, uncles, fathers-in-law, grandsons, brothers-in-law, and other kinsmen.
This is the main worry that haunts the Sadhak. 
Taata(Grand father) means Antahkarana,  Tandri(Father) means Senses, and pautra(Grandson) means Desires, maatulaah(maternal uncles) means Habits,  swasuraah(Fathers-in-law) means  Sense Pleasures.
If all these things die then who will enjoy the Kingdom of God which is yet to come.
Etaannahantumichchaami  Gnhatopi Madhusoodana
Apitrailokyaraajashya  Hethoh kim nu maheekrite            35
 O Krishna, even if they are inclined to kill me, I cannot kill these people. even f I obtain the kingdom of  three worlds What to talk about kingdom of earth?
 Madhusoodan means the remover of the Ignorance or impediments of Spirituality. This the state of the Sadhak who is fed up with the problems that are being faced by the Sadhak during Sadhana.
After crossing the three worlds, Physical, Subtle and Idea Bodies, the Sadhak will enter into the Kingdom of God. this will be obtained by the Sadhak who does  sadhana with great intensity, longuivity, and  great incompassion. When he fails in this then he would like to satisfy himself with the sense pleasures available within his reach. .
With a resolve to come first amongst all students in his class but when he fails then his predicament will be like this.
Nihatya dhaartaraashtraannah Kaa preetisyaat Janardhana
Paapamevaashrayedasmaan Hatwaitaanaatataayinah                   36
Janarardanaa means the fulfiller of right wants of devotees.
Oh Krishna, what happiness could we gain by killing them? We will get sin only by killing these Duryodhana clan even if they are evil minded.
Duryodhan is the replica of kaamam, desires. The failing Sadhaka thinks wrongly that these Arishadwargaas viz., Kama(Desires), Krodha(Anger), Lobha(greediness), Moha(delusion), Mada(pride) and Matsarya(Jealousy) have been created by Parabrahman for mankind only. There is nothing wrong in enjoying them. 
Sthoola, Sookshma and Karana lokas(worlds) are called Tripuras. Destroying them,the Sadhaka will enter into the eternal God Kingdom.  For that intensive Sadhana is essential. The one who is unable to do so shall say differently.

 

Sheaths(KOSAS):


Annamayakosam:

The manifestation of 24 tatwas from tainted Panchamahabhutaasas lead to SthoolaShareera or Physical body. This is called the Annamayakosa.  Five Sense organs (Gnaanen driyas), five organs of Action(Karmendriyas), Five Pranas, Pancha Tanmatras and AntahKarana are together constitute Physical Body.

Tanmatra means Power. Akaasha has Shabda(Sound), Vayu or Air has Sparsha(Touch), Agni or Fire has Roopa(configuration), Jal or water has Rasa(taste) and Prithvi or Earth has Gandha(Smell). .
 PraanaMayaKosa:

The untainted five Pranas in Subtle body and five Karmendriyas together constitute PranamayaKosa.







 






















 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manomayakosa: 

Five sense organs in the Subtle body, manas(mind) and Chittam together constitute Manomayakosa.

Vignaanamayakosa:

Five sense organs in the Subtle body, Ahamkar(Ego) and determining Buddhi together constitute Vignaanamayakosa.

Pranamaya, manomaya and Vignanamayakosas or sheaths together are called Sookshma Shareera.
Anandamayakosa:
Untainted Panchamaha bhootas and Three Gunas, Satwa, raja and Tamo, are called Avidya or Ignorance.and this is called Karana Shareera.  This is called Anandamayakosa.
Avasthas or States:
Jagratavastha:
Cosmic Consciousness or Brahmachetana enters Karanashareera, from Karana to Sookshma, and from Sookshma to Sthoola shareera and then making all these three Shareeras Conscious is called Jagratavastha or waking state  
Swapnavastha:
Cosmic Consciousness or Brahmachetana enters Karanashareera, from Karana to Sookshma,  and then making these two Shareeras Conscious is called Swapnavastha or Avachetanavastha. The Jagratavastha remains unconscious..  
Sushuptiavastha:
Cosmic Consciousness or Brahmachetana enters Karanashareera, making it Conscious is called Sushuptiavastha, Thureeyavastha, Adhichetanavastha or Superconscious state.  The remaining Sookshma and Sthoola remain unconscious..  
The God in Creation is called Krishna Consciousness or Shuddha Satwa Maya.
The Consciousness in Creation, three conscious –nesses,  karana, sookshma and Sthoola in Macro, and three consciousnesses,  karana, sookshma and Sthoola in Micro, are manifested as seven consciousnesses.  These are not visible to the physical and ordinary eye. 
Due to the influence of Tamoguna Karanashareera will have Mala and Avarana Doshas, and because of Rajoguna vikshepana Dosha.
 When a Lantern chimney is painted by Black smoke then the burning wick cannot be visible. Likewise due to Maladosha the Paramatma within us becomes invisible.
We will mistake the rope as Snake due to superimposition of  darkness.  So Avarana dosha or fault occurs due to Tamoguna ignorance of unsteady mind. 
 Love and hatred, selfishness, love, affection, kindness, Happiness, Contentment, dissatisfaction, Kama, krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Matsarya etc are the vikshepana doshas. This is due to ego.
Due to Mala, Avarana and Vikshepana doshas the Karana shareera will have 1) body attachment i.e., kartritwadoshas, 2)attachment towards Finance, Offspring, and spouse, fame mongerism, 3) interest in Sastras, and 4) worldly attachment.  Because of this man will have Asmita, Ragadwesha and Abhinivesa.
Asmita means Ego, Ragadwesaha means attraction and repulsion, Abhinivesha means attachment to his body. 
Tasmaannrhaavayam hantum Dhaartaraashtraan swabaandhavaan
Swajanam hi katham hatwaa Sukhinassyama Madhava                   37
Maa means Nature, Dhava means Husband. So Madhava means the one who causes Consciousness to Cosmos.
Oh Krishna, we are not eligible to kill Kauravas, our relations. How can we be happy by killing our own relatives.
Sadhak is doubtful of the happiness he can get by shedding Kaama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Matsarya.  
For our doings habits are the root cause. The man who is accustomed to sense pleasures by default of habits will try to overcome them with will power to start Kriya Yoga Sadhana.
 Drunkard will try to drink with some pretext or the other. Likewise the Sadhak who became weak in Sadhana will be seeking one pretext or the other to drop.
Yadyapyete na pashyanti Lobhopahatachetasah
Kulakshayakritamdosham Mitradrohecha paatakam         38
Katham gneyamasmaabhihi Paapaadasmaannivarthitum
Kulakshaya kritam dosham Prapashyadbhir Janaardhana       39
Oh Krishna,  Even if these Kauravas are eclipsed by greed and do not see the calamity that comes out of destroying the families or lineages, and behold no sin in the atrocities commited to friends, should we not avoid this sin—we who vividly understand these things. 
 Paapam and Punyam, Sin & virtue, both are the creations of Maya the delusion which is under the control of Paramatma. Arishadwargaas (Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Matsarya) are the offsprings of senses. The senses work through Mind. They some times may manifest preposterously. Just because of this if we annihilate them then how misery and happiness will be expressed. We who have the discernment should commit the same sin. With this thinking the Sadhak feels that both the things i.e., yielding to Sense pleasures and Sadhana for understanding good and bad, are required.  It is akin to taking poison and its inimical nector simultaneously..
Out of all the allurements, unsteady mind is very bad one. This will make you to get attracted to the worldy affairs and make you fully ignorant about God. if we do gradual and incessant Sadhana then we will always remain in God. 
Vice has got its own power. When man  yields to allurement then his discrimination or wisdom will be its captive.  Wants are the most undesirable enemies to man.  If you go on satisfying the senses then they will go on asking for more and more desires. It is an uphill task to fully satisfy the senses.man is not senses, they are his slaves only. Man is not slave to senses. Man in reality  is Soul that is beyond the senses.
Allurement is not the creation of Man. It is due to Maya which is under the control of Parabrahman. All men are affected by its spell. To come out of its clutches God has given Antaratma and will power to man to overcome this Maya.
Due to body attachment  and sense pleasures Man forgets Soul.  This is called allurement or illusion. This is sugarcoated poison. Mundane happiness is naught compared the attainment of Kingdom of God which happiness  is eternal. This eternal beatitude that man attains is not comparable with anything. This is indescribable. One day or the other Man has to turn towards God. why not that day be today? We are the children of the God. that is why God has given us the power to meditate.
Kulakshaye pranasyanti
Kuladharmaassanaatanaah
Dharme nashte kulam kritsnam
Adharmobhibhavatyuta         40
Adharmaabh bhavaat Krishna
Pradushyanti kulastriyah
 Streeshu dushtaasu vaarshneya
Jaayate varnasamkarah           41
Sankaronarakaayaiva
Kulagnaanaam kulasyacha
 Patanti pitarohyeshaam
Luptapindodaka kriyaah           42
 
O Krishna, with the destruction of pedigree, the age-old religious customs will fade away.  With the destruction of righteousness, unrighteousness will spread in the clan. With the spreading of  unrighteousness, the chastity in women will get damaged. With this,  bastardy or adultery takes place amongst the castes.then the adulterater and the adulterer  both will go to hell.. Then their ancestors are denied the oblations of rice-Ball and water, and are degraded and go to low nadirs. .
Varshneaya means skillful, powerful and strong.
Janaardana means the one who listens to the prayers of devotees. 
Many doubts, small and preposterous, shall be arising during Sadhana. 
Five sense organs, five Action organs, five Five Tanmatras, Five Pranas, and Antahkarana, together are called Kulam(Caste). The castes and their rites are given below:
Five sense organs: Ear, Skin, Eye, Tongue and Nose.
 Five Action Organs: Mouth, Feet, Palms, Phallus and Anus.
Five Tanmatras: Hearing power, Touching power, Seeing power, Tasting power and Smelling power.
Five Pranas: Prana(Crystallization),
                     Apana (Elimination),
                     Vyaana(Circulation),
                     samana(Assimilation)     and
                     Udana(Metabalization)
Antahkarana: Manas(Mind), Buddhi(Intellect), Chittam(sphere of thinking) and Ahamkaar(Ego).
If they are not put to use during or because of Sadhana, they will become idle and will become useless. The lust will die in men and hence due to the unfulfilment of lust, the women will be spoiled.  Sadhak raises a preposterous and mundane logical doubt. 
Controlling lust does not mean to become a neuter. 
Ladies will have more feeling than logic. Gents will have more logic than feeling. But this may be otherway around in Men and women. In that case a man is more feminine  than logical, or a woman may be more logical than feminine. 
In a couple one should have feeling and the counterpart should have logic. Otherwise this lead to problems. This is what they see in Horoscopes while fixing the matches amongst Hindus. For example if the offspring of a couple had met with an injury and if she is bleeding, then the one who is having feeling in the parents will give succour and the other will take the child to the Doctor. If both the husband and wife are having feeling, then both will be hugging the child and crying  and no one will take the child to the Doctor.  If both are logical  then both will be orguing about the Doctor to whom the child is to be taken and waste time in the orgumets. No one will take the child to the Doctor. So one  should be having feeling and the other will have logic.
With Meditation the mind will go within.  With the innergoing Antahkarana Man will be able to understand the extraordinary powers of Senses.
Manas, Buddhi, Chittam and Ahamkaar are our ancestors.
Tarpanam means inward turned Pranashakti or Life Force.
Doing Spiritual Kriyayoga Sadhana with regularity, interest, longuity and intensity are called Rice-balls or Pindokaas. 
These oblations, Rice-balls will make the senses more and more sensitive. The mind that does not turn inwards shall not be rewarded with wonderful God power.  Without God power the senses will gradually become weak. 
The unutilzed Iron will become rusted. Likewise the senses will also become useless is what the Sadhak foolishly think. 
The root cause of all these doubts is desire i.e., Duryodhana. The Yogi who is intense in Meditation, shall control the out going  life force  through Senses,  make it inwards, directs it to Kootastha, the place between the eye brows, through the Spinal cord, and finally gets the appearance of third eye, Jyoti Darshan. 
These are the real Tarpanams (oblations) that we give to our forefathers.
Doshairaite kulagnaanaam
Varnasankarakaarakai
Utpaaadyante jaatidharmaah
Kuladharmaashcha shaashwataah      43
Utpanna kuladharmaanaam
Manushyaanaam janaardana
Narake niyatam vaaso
Bhavateetyanushushrumah             44

O Krishna, the misdeeds i.e., the admixture of castes created  by these destroyers of lineages, the age-old rites of the castes and clan are  mitigated..Often we have heard that men devoid of family religious rites are most certainly committed to reside indefinitely in hell.
 Our ancestors means Jeevaatma comprising of Antahkarana i.e., Manas, Buddhi, Chittam and Ahamkar.      
Senses are its Offsprings.
Wants or desires are the offsprings of the senses. 
The individual works that are being done by the respective senses is what we do for the satisfaction of Antahkarana, the so called Tarpanas or oblations.
Sadhak In Samadhi i.e., in the unision of soul with Spirit, shall put a full stop to these oblations.  This is how the aspiring sadhak shall think of wrongly.
In fact during Samadhi the out going life force through the senses is made to take a return path to the Cosmos through Sushumna in the spinal Cord and through Chakras.
In this process we concentrate all these outgoing life forces in Kootastha by making them inward. There in Kootastha the Sadhak will see Jyoti, the effulgent third eye. These are the real Tarpanams or Oblations we offer to Soul. 
Chakradhyan (Meditation in Chakras):--
Sit erect in Vajrasana, Padmasana or Sukhaasana with Gnaana Mudra. Press top of index finger with top of thumb and keep the rest of the fingers straight. Face East or North. Get relaxed. Put your gaze fixed in Kootastha.  The feet should not touch the ground directly . Sadhak should wear Cotton socks.  For better results bend your neck backwards. That is sit in super conscious level. Apply Khechari Mudra.
Now learn Kriya Yoga from an experienced and self realized Yogi.  doing Kriyayoga go to Sahasraara.
One breath-in and one breath-out together constitutes one HAMSA.
Ordinarily a healthy man will make 21,600 Hamsas in a day.  This amounts to 15 Hamsas per minute.
If a man does 15 Hamsas per minute he is called Bhogi.
If he does more than 15 Hamsas per minute he is called Rogi.
If he does less  than 15 Hamsas per minute he is called Yogi.  
Tortoise does less than 15 Hamsas per day. If no body kills it will live more than 1000Years.
Yogi increases his life span with the control of life force. So controlling life force, yogi will be healthy and will unite with Parabrahman.
Castes:--
The chakras in the Spinal cords are like Junction
Boxes.
The Cosmic Consciousness enters Sahasrara through Medulla oblongata.  From there it will be directed to Agna Positive, Agna negative, Visuddha, Anahata, Manipura, Swadhisthana and Moolaadhara Chakras, the junction Boxes. From there the Cosmic Consciousness enters into Nerve Centres, Nerves, and then to pertinent organs.
Visuddha, Anahata, Manipura, Swadhisthana and Moolaadhara Chakras are called Castes.
Sadhak awakens the Kundalini Force lying underneath the Mooladhara Chakra with his Kriya Yoga Sadhana. The Chakra upto which his awakened Kundalini reaches shall decide his caste.
The one who does not do yoga sadhana at all is called Sudra. His kundalini is in a sleeping state.he is said to be in Kaliyuga. His heart is considered to be Black.  He is in completely ignorant state.
When the man starts Kriyayoga Sadhana, then his sleeping Kundalini gradually awakens. If the awakened Kundalini reaches and touches  Mooladhara Chakra, he is considered to be a Kshatriya, Warrior group. He will resist the forces that oppose his Meditation. He continues to be in Kaliyuga. His heart is considered to be Vibrant.
When the awakened Kundalini touches Swadhistaana Chakra then he is considered to be Dwija which means he has taken another bierth. He is considered to be in Dwaparayuga. His heart is considered to be Devouted..
When the awakened Kundalini touches Manipura Chakra then he is considered to be Vipra which means he is ready to study Veda. Veda means to hear. So he is ready to hear OMKAR.. He is considered to be in Tretayuga.  His heart is considered to be steady.
When the awakened Kundalini touches Anahata Chakra then he is considered to be Brahmin which means he starts hearing  OMKAR.. He is considered to be in Kritayuga or Satyayuga.  His heart is considered to be Clean.
In this way the castes viz., Sudra, Dwija, Vipra and Brahmin are formed. They are gradually came to known as Sudra, Kshatriya ,Vaishya, and Brahmin castes. The castes are formed as per the progressed achieved in Yoga Sadhana. 
Gradually the castes are determined  by biological birth instead of progress in Yoga Sadhana. By and by several subcastes have been carved out of the main castes. This way several castes have come into existence. This has resulted in causing danger to the Unity, integration and safety of the country.
Ahobatamahatpaapam
kartumvyavasitaavayam
Yadraajya sukhalobhena
Hantumswajanamudyataah                 45
Yadimaamaprateekaara
Mashastram shastrapaanayah
Dhaartarashtraaranehanyu
Stanme kshemataram bhavet .           46 .
Alas, we tried to commit great sin by killing our own kinsmen due to the greed of kingdom.
Evn if we do not wear any weapon, and still confronted by our enemies wearing weapons and kill me in this war, that will be more beneficial to me.   
Eight types of marriages:
1) Braahmamu: The marriage that is solemnized with the mutual consent of bride and bridegroom witnessed by elders of both sides.
2) Daivam: The marriage that is solemnized with the mutual consent of  elders from both sides.
3)AArshamu: Marriage that is solemnized by taking dowry from the bride.
4) Praajaapatyamu: Wife is essential to do Sacrices(yagna). Marriage that is solemnized to meet this requirement.
5) Aasuramu: For the benefit and safety of king, Marriage that is solemnized by giving financial assistance both bride and bridegroom.
6) Gaandharvamu: Marriage that is solemnized due to mutual love amongst both bride and bridegroom with or without the consent of elders of both sides  and without following any customs, conditions and timings. 
7) Raakshasam: Marriage that is solemnized by forcibly taking away the bride.
8) paishachikam: Marriage that is solemnized by administering intoxicants to the bride and marrying her while she is insane.
The Sadhak who is unable to go ahead with his Sadhana will advance more and more faulty orguments in this way.
Habituated to sense pleasres, the senses shall motivate the nerve centres and nerves to do the needed. During Sadhana the Sadhak shall control the senses. the controlled senses may not be able to activate the nerves and nerve centres. If I am not successful in Sadhana then the facility of enjoying mundane pleasures also has to be lost. So I will be on loser from both sides. This is the main doubts that arises in the sadhak. For a futuristic beatitude in sadhana, it is sin and not wise to discard sense pleasures. It is better to subjugate to senses even though they engulf me with their weapons, sense plesures. I will not utilize my weapons  viz., sitting straight with erect spine and fixing the gaze in kootastha etc., for Kriya yoga Sadhana. This is what Sadhak wrongly feels.
In fact the blind mind(Dhritaraashtra) cannot be satisfied, however amount one may use ones senses for Mundane pleasures.
Sanjaya uvaacha:--
Evamuktwaarjunassankhye
Rathopastha upaavishat
Visrujya sasharam chaapam
Shokasamvignamaanasah                          47
Sanjaya said:--
Oh, Dhritarashtra King,
Saying thus, perturbed with grief, Arjuna discarded his weapons, bow and arrows, in the war field, and simply sat in the chariot.
Arjuna—self control,  bow—Spinal cord,  arrows—Pranayama techniques,  chariot—body,  simply sat—without any posture.
Posture or Asana—Vajrasan, Padmasan or Sukhasan.

The disheartened sadhak(Arjuna) simply sat without any posture. He also discarded other requirements like  sitting straight and  fixing his gaze in kootastha,   
Om tatsat iti shreemadbhavadgeetaasoopanishatsu brahmavidyaayaam yoga shaastre shreeKrishnaarjuna samvaade arjuna vishaadayogonaama prathamodhyaayah 
Aum, Tat, Sat.



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